Approach to the patient with the first episode of nephrolithiasis

Mary Ann Cameron, Charles Y C Pak

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nephrolithiasis is very common. It typically presents with a single episode of renal colic and may not recur. There are patients, however, who are at risk for recurring stone disease after the first episode. Such patients are identified from family history, personal medical history, and urinary and stone analysis. Identification of secondary causes is the key to this differentiation. Medical therapy is the major therapeutic option. This approach includes attention to hydration and dietary constituents such as protein, sodium, and calcium. Depending on other findings, dietary adjustment for oxalate, citric acid, and the like, may also be needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-278
Number of pages14
JournalClinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Medical therapy
  • Renal stone disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Endocrinology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Approach to the patient with the first episode of nephrolithiasis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this