Approach to the patient with the first episode of nephrolithiasis

Mary Ann Cameron, Charles Y C Pak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nephrolithiasis is very common. It typically presents with a single episode of renal colic and may not recur. There are patients, however, who are at risk for recurring stone disease after the first episode. Such patients are identified from family history, personal medical history, and urinary and stone analysis. Identification of secondary causes is the key to this differentiation. Medical therapy is the major therapeutic option. This approach includes attention to hydration and dietary constituents such as protein, sodium, and calcium. Depending on other findings, dietary adjustment for oxalate, citric acid, and the like, may also be needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-278
Number of pages14
JournalClinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

Fingerprint

Nephrolithiasis
Medical History Taking
Renal Colic
Urinary Calculi
Oxalates
Citric Acid
Sodium
Calcium
Therapeutics
Proteins

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Medical therapy
  • Renal stone disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Approach to the patient with the first episode of nephrolithiasis. / Cameron, Mary Ann; Pak, Charles Y C.

In: Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2004, p. 265-278.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{07b89365b4c143dba0ab183734709ed3,
title = "Approach to the patient with the first episode of nephrolithiasis",
abstract = "Nephrolithiasis is very common. It typically presents with a single episode of renal colic and may not recur. There are patients, however, who are at risk for recurring stone disease after the first episode. Such patients are identified from family history, personal medical history, and urinary and stone analysis. Identification of secondary causes is the key to this differentiation. Medical therapy is the major therapeutic option. This approach includes attention to hydration and dietary constituents such as protein, sodium, and calcium. Depending on other findings, dietary adjustment for oxalate, citric acid, and the like, may also be needed.",
keywords = "Diagnosis, Medical therapy, Renal stone disease",
author = "Cameron, {Mary Ann} and Pak, {Charles Y C}",
year = "2004",
doi = "10.1385/BMM:2:3:265",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "265--278",
journal = "Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism",
issn = "1534-8644",
publisher = "Humana Press",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Approach to the patient with the first episode of nephrolithiasis

AU - Cameron, Mary Ann

AU - Pak, Charles Y C

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - Nephrolithiasis is very common. It typically presents with a single episode of renal colic and may not recur. There are patients, however, who are at risk for recurring stone disease after the first episode. Such patients are identified from family history, personal medical history, and urinary and stone analysis. Identification of secondary causes is the key to this differentiation. Medical therapy is the major therapeutic option. This approach includes attention to hydration and dietary constituents such as protein, sodium, and calcium. Depending on other findings, dietary adjustment for oxalate, citric acid, and the like, may also be needed.

AB - Nephrolithiasis is very common. It typically presents with a single episode of renal colic and may not recur. There are patients, however, who are at risk for recurring stone disease after the first episode. Such patients are identified from family history, personal medical history, and urinary and stone analysis. Identification of secondary causes is the key to this differentiation. Medical therapy is the major therapeutic option. This approach includes attention to hydration and dietary constituents such as protein, sodium, and calcium. Depending on other findings, dietary adjustment for oxalate, citric acid, and the like, may also be needed.

KW - Diagnosis

KW - Medical therapy

KW - Renal stone disease

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=26244460711&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=26244460711&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1385/BMM:2:3:265

DO - 10.1385/BMM:2:3:265

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 265

EP - 278

JO - Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism

JF - Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism

SN - 1534-8644

IS - 3

ER -