Are Readmission and Reoperation Rates for Lower Extremity Necrotizing Fasciitis Different Between Patients With and Without Diabetes Mellitus?

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Abstract

Necrotizing fasciitis is a condition associated with high morbidity and mortality unless emergent surgery is performed. This study aims to understand the hospital course of diabetic and nondiabetic patients managed for lower-extremity necrotizing fasciitis by identifying factors contributing to readmissions and reoperations. About 562 patients treated for lower-extremity necrotizing fasciitis were selected from the American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database between 2012 and 2017. The unplanned reoperation and readmission rates for all patients during the 30-day postoperative period were 9.4% and 5.3%, respectively. Out of 562 patients with lower-extremity necrotizing fasciitis, 326 (58.0%) patients had diabetes. Diabetes patients were more likely to undergo amputation (p < .00001). Neither readmission (6.1% vs 4.2%, p = .411) nor reoperation (8.6% vs 10.6%, p = .482) were significantly different between patients with and without diabetes. Neither readmission (7.2% vs 4.0%, p = .159) nor reoperation (4.1% vs 3.7%, p = .842) were significantly different between patients undergoing amputation and nonamputation procedures. In simple logistic regression, factors associated with unplanned reoperation included poorer renal function, thrombocytopenia, longer duration of surgery, longer hospital length of stay, postoperative surgical site infection, postoperative respiratory distress, and postoperative septic shock. Body mass index >30 kg/m2 was associated with decreased odds of readmission. In multiple logistic regression, surgical site infection was the only predictor of reoperation (adjusted odds ratio 7.32, 95% confidence interval 2.76-19.1), and any amputation was associated with readmission (adjusted odds ratio 4.53, 95% confidence interval 1.20-29.6). Further study is needed to understand patient characteristics to better direct management. However, the current study elucidates patient outcomes for a relatively rare condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-138
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

Keywords

  • 3
  • amputation
  • metabolic disorder
  • mortality
  • orthopedic surgery
  • outcomes
  • soft tissue infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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