Arterial spin-labeling MR imaging of renal masses: Correlation with histopathologic findings

Rotem S. Lanzman, Phil M. Robson, Maryellen R. Sun, Amish D. Patel, Kimiknu Mentore, Andrew A. Wagner, Elizabeth M. Genega, Neil M. Rofsky, David C. Alsop, Ivan Pedrosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose: To assess the value of arterial spin-labeling (ASL) perfusion magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the characterization of solid renal masses by using histopathologic findings as the standard of reference. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was compliant with HIPAA and approved by the institutional review board. Informed consent was obtained from all patients before imaging. Forty-two consecutive patients suspected of having renal masses underwent ASL MR imaging before their routine 1.5-T clinical MR examination. Mean and peak tumor perfusion levels were obtained by one radiologist, who was blinded to the final histologic diagnosis, by using region of interest analysis. Perfusion values were correlated with histopathologic findings by using analysis of variance. A linear correlation model was used to evaluate the relationship between tumor size and perfusion in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). P , .05 was considered indicative of a statistically significant difference. Results: Histopathologic findings were available in 34 patients (28 men, six women; mean age ± standard deviation, 60.4 years ± 11.7). The mean perfusion of papillary RCC (27.0 mL/min/100 g ± 15.1) was lower than that of clear cell RCC (171.6 mL/min/100 g ± 61.2, P = .001), chromophobe RCC (152.9 mL/min/100 g ± 80.7, P = .04), unclassified RCC (208.0 mL/min/100 g ± 41.1, P = .001), and oncocytoma (373.9 mL/min/100 g ± 99.2, P < .001). The mean and peak perfusion levels of oncocytoma (373.9 mL/min/100 g ± 99.2 and 512.3 mL/min/100 g ± 146.0, respectively) were higher than those of papillary RCC (27.0 mL/min/100 g ± 15.1 and 78.2 mL/min/100 g ± 39.7, P < .001 for both), chromophobe RCC (152.9 mL/min/100 g ± 80.7 and 260.9 mL/min/100 g ± 61.9; P < .001 and P = .02, respectively), and unclassified RCC (208.0 mL/min/100 g ± 41.1 and 273.3 mL/min/100 g ± 83.4; P = .01 and P = .03, respectively). The mean tumor perfusion of oncocytoma was higher than that of clear cell RCC (P < .001). Conclusion: ASL MR imaging enables distinction among different histopathologic diagnoses in renal masses on the basis of their perfusion level. Oncocytomas demonstrate higher perfusion levels than RCCs, and papillary RCCs exhibit lower perfusion levels than other RCC subtypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)799-808
Number of pages10
JournalRadiology
Volume265
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

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Renal Cell Carcinoma
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Perfusion
Kidney
Oxyphilic Adenoma
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
Neoplasms
Magnetic Resonance Angiography
Research Ethics Committees
Informed Consent
Linear Models
Analysis of Variance
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Prospective Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Lanzman, R. S., Robson, P. M., Sun, M. R., Patel, A. D., Mentore, K., Wagner, A. A., ... Pedrosa, I. (2012). Arterial spin-labeling MR imaging of renal masses: Correlation with histopathologic findings. Radiology, 265(3), 799-808. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.12112260

Arterial spin-labeling MR imaging of renal masses : Correlation with histopathologic findings. / Lanzman, Rotem S.; Robson, Phil M.; Sun, Maryellen R.; Patel, Amish D.; Mentore, Kimiknu; Wagner, Andrew A.; Genega, Elizabeth M.; Rofsky, Neil M.; Alsop, David C.; Pedrosa, Ivan.

In: Radiology, Vol. 265, No. 3, 2012, p. 799-808.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lanzman, RS, Robson, PM, Sun, MR, Patel, AD, Mentore, K, Wagner, AA, Genega, EM, Rofsky, NM, Alsop, DC & Pedrosa, I 2012, 'Arterial spin-labeling MR imaging of renal masses: Correlation with histopathologic findings', Radiology, vol. 265, no. 3, pp. 799-808. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.12112260
Lanzman RS, Robson PM, Sun MR, Patel AD, Mentore K, Wagner AA et al. Arterial spin-labeling MR imaging of renal masses: Correlation with histopathologic findings. Radiology. 2012;265(3):799-808. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.12112260
Lanzman, Rotem S. ; Robson, Phil M. ; Sun, Maryellen R. ; Patel, Amish D. ; Mentore, Kimiknu ; Wagner, Andrew A. ; Genega, Elizabeth M. ; Rofsky, Neil M. ; Alsop, David C. ; Pedrosa, Ivan. / Arterial spin-labeling MR imaging of renal masses : Correlation with histopathologic findings. In: Radiology. 2012 ; Vol. 265, No. 3. pp. 799-808.
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abstract = "Purpose: To assess the value of arterial spin-labeling (ASL) perfusion magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the characterization of solid renal masses by using histopathologic findings as the standard of reference. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was compliant with HIPAA and approved by the institutional review board. Informed consent was obtained from all patients before imaging. Forty-two consecutive patients suspected of having renal masses underwent ASL MR imaging before their routine 1.5-T clinical MR examination. Mean and peak tumor perfusion levels were obtained by one radiologist, who was blinded to the final histologic diagnosis, by using region of interest analysis. Perfusion values were correlated with histopathologic findings by using analysis of variance. A linear correlation model was used to evaluate the relationship between tumor size and perfusion in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). P , .05 was considered indicative of a statistically significant difference. Results: Histopathologic findings were available in 34 patients (28 men, six women; mean age ± standard deviation, 60.4 years ± 11.7). The mean perfusion of papillary RCC (27.0 mL/min/100 g ± 15.1) was lower than that of clear cell RCC (171.6 mL/min/100 g ± 61.2, P = .001), chromophobe RCC (152.9 mL/min/100 g ± 80.7, P = .04), unclassified RCC (208.0 mL/min/100 g ± 41.1, P = .001), and oncocytoma (373.9 mL/min/100 g ± 99.2, P < .001). The mean and peak perfusion levels of oncocytoma (373.9 mL/min/100 g ± 99.2 and 512.3 mL/min/100 g ± 146.0, respectively) were higher than those of papillary RCC (27.0 mL/min/100 g ± 15.1 and 78.2 mL/min/100 g ± 39.7, P < .001 for both), chromophobe RCC (152.9 mL/min/100 g ± 80.7 and 260.9 mL/min/100 g ± 61.9; P < .001 and P = .02, respectively), and unclassified RCC (208.0 mL/min/100 g ± 41.1 and 273.3 mL/min/100 g ± 83.4; P = .01 and P = .03, respectively). The mean tumor perfusion of oncocytoma was higher than that of clear cell RCC (P < .001). Conclusion: ASL MR imaging enables distinction among different histopathologic diagnoses in renal masses on the basis of their perfusion level. Oncocytomas demonstrate higher perfusion levels than RCCs, and papillary RCCs exhibit lower perfusion levels than other RCC subtypes.",
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T1 - Arterial spin-labeling MR imaging of renal masses

T2 - Correlation with histopathologic findings

AU - Lanzman, Rotem S.

AU - Robson, Phil M.

AU - Sun, Maryellen R.

AU - Patel, Amish D.

AU - Mentore, Kimiknu

AU - Wagner, Andrew A.

AU - Genega, Elizabeth M.

AU - Rofsky, Neil M.

AU - Alsop, David C.

AU - Pedrosa, Ivan

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Purpose: To assess the value of arterial spin-labeling (ASL) perfusion magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the characterization of solid renal masses by using histopathologic findings as the standard of reference. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was compliant with HIPAA and approved by the institutional review board. Informed consent was obtained from all patients before imaging. Forty-two consecutive patients suspected of having renal masses underwent ASL MR imaging before their routine 1.5-T clinical MR examination. Mean and peak tumor perfusion levels were obtained by one radiologist, who was blinded to the final histologic diagnosis, by using region of interest analysis. Perfusion values were correlated with histopathologic findings by using analysis of variance. A linear correlation model was used to evaluate the relationship between tumor size and perfusion in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). P , .05 was considered indicative of a statistically significant difference. Results: Histopathologic findings were available in 34 patients (28 men, six women; mean age ± standard deviation, 60.4 years ± 11.7). The mean perfusion of papillary RCC (27.0 mL/min/100 g ± 15.1) was lower than that of clear cell RCC (171.6 mL/min/100 g ± 61.2, P = .001), chromophobe RCC (152.9 mL/min/100 g ± 80.7, P = .04), unclassified RCC (208.0 mL/min/100 g ± 41.1, P = .001), and oncocytoma (373.9 mL/min/100 g ± 99.2, P < .001). The mean and peak perfusion levels of oncocytoma (373.9 mL/min/100 g ± 99.2 and 512.3 mL/min/100 g ± 146.0, respectively) were higher than those of papillary RCC (27.0 mL/min/100 g ± 15.1 and 78.2 mL/min/100 g ± 39.7, P < .001 for both), chromophobe RCC (152.9 mL/min/100 g ± 80.7 and 260.9 mL/min/100 g ± 61.9; P < .001 and P = .02, respectively), and unclassified RCC (208.0 mL/min/100 g ± 41.1 and 273.3 mL/min/100 g ± 83.4; P = .01 and P = .03, respectively). The mean tumor perfusion of oncocytoma was higher than that of clear cell RCC (P < .001). Conclusion: ASL MR imaging enables distinction among different histopathologic diagnoses in renal masses on the basis of their perfusion level. Oncocytomas demonstrate higher perfusion levels than RCCs, and papillary RCCs exhibit lower perfusion levels than other RCC subtypes.

AB - Purpose: To assess the value of arterial spin-labeling (ASL) perfusion magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the characterization of solid renal masses by using histopathologic findings as the standard of reference. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was compliant with HIPAA and approved by the institutional review board. Informed consent was obtained from all patients before imaging. Forty-two consecutive patients suspected of having renal masses underwent ASL MR imaging before their routine 1.5-T clinical MR examination. Mean and peak tumor perfusion levels were obtained by one radiologist, who was blinded to the final histologic diagnosis, by using region of interest analysis. Perfusion values were correlated with histopathologic findings by using analysis of variance. A linear correlation model was used to evaluate the relationship between tumor size and perfusion in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). P , .05 was considered indicative of a statistically significant difference. Results: Histopathologic findings were available in 34 patients (28 men, six women; mean age ± standard deviation, 60.4 years ± 11.7). The mean perfusion of papillary RCC (27.0 mL/min/100 g ± 15.1) was lower than that of clear cell RCC (171.6 mL/min/100 g ± 61.2, P = .001), chromophobe RCC (152.9 mL/min/100 g ± 80.7, P = .04), unclassified RCC (208.0 mL/min/100 g ± 41.1, P = .001), and oncocytoma (373.9 mL/min/100 g ± 99.2, P < .001). The mean and peak perfusion levels of oncocytoma (373.9 mL/min/100 g ± 99.2 and 512.3 mL/min/100 g ± 146.0, respectively) were higher than those of papillary RCC (27.0 mL/min/100 g ± 15.1 and 78.2 mL/min/100 g ± 39.7, P < .001 for both), chromophobe RCC (152.9 mL/min/100 g ± 80.7 and 260.9 mL/min/100 g ± 61.9; P < .001 and P = .02, respectively), and unclassified RCC (208.0 mL/min/100 g ± 41.1 and 273.3 mL/min/100 g ± 83.4; P = .01 and P = .03, respectively). The mean tumor perfusion of oncocytoma was higher than that of clear cell RCC (P < .001). Conclusion: ASL MR imaging enables distinction among different histopathologic diagnoses in renal masses on the basis of their perfusion level. Oncocytomas demonstrate higher perfusion levels than RCCs, and papillary RCCs exhibit lower perfusion levels than other RCC subtypes.

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