Ascending thoracic aorta: Postoperative imaging evaluation

Julia A. Prescott-Focht, Santiago Martinez-Jimenez, Lynne M. Hurwitz, Jenny K. Hoang, Jared D. Christensen, Brian B. Ghoshhajra, Suhny Abbara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Advances in computed tomography (CT) scanners and electrocardio-graphic gating techniques have resulted in superior image quality of the ascending aorta and increased the use of CT angiography for evaluating the postoperative ascending aorta. Several abnormalities of the ascending aorta and aortic arch often require surgery, and various open techniques may be used to reconstruct the aorta, such as the Wheat procedure, in which both an ascending aortic graft and an aortic valve prosthesis are implanted; the Cabrol and modifed Bentall procedures, in which a composite synthetic ascending aorta and aortic valve graft are placed; the Ross procedure, in which the aortic valve and aortic root are replaced with the patient's native pulmonary valve and proximal pulmonary artery; valve-sparing procedures such as the T. David-V technique, which leaves the native aortic valve intact; and more extensive arch repair procedures such as the elephant trunk and arch-frst techniques, in which interposition or inclusion grafts are implanted, with or without replacement of the aortic valve. Normal postoperative imaging fndings, such as hyper-attenuating felt pledgets, prosthetic conduits, and reanastomosis sites, may mimic pathologic processes. Postoperative complications seen at CT angiography that require further intervention include pseudoaneurysms, anastomotic stenoses, dissections, and aneurysms. Radiologists must be familiar with these procedures and their imaging features to identify normal postoperative appearances and complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-85
Number of pages13
JournalRadiographics
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Prescott-Focht, J. A., Martinez-Jimenez, S., Hurwitz, L. M., Hoang, J. K., Christensen, J. D., Ghoshhajra, B. B., & Abbara, S. (2013). Ascending thoracic aorta: Postoperative imaging evaluation. Radiographics, 33(1), 73-85. https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.331125090