Assessing health-related resiliency in HIV+ Latin women: Preliminary psychometric findings

Gladys J. Jimenez-Torres, Valerie Wojna, Ernesto Rosario, Rosa Hechevarría, Ada M. Alemán-Batista, Miriam Ríos Matos, Alok Madan, Richard L. Skolasky, Summer F. Acevedo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: HIV-associated vulnerabilities-especially those linked to psychological issues-and limited mental health-treatment resources have the potential to adversely affect the health statuses of individuals. The concept of resilience has been introduced in the literature to shift the emphasis from vulnerability to protective factors. Resilience, however, is an evolving construct and is measured in various ways, though rarely among underserved, minority populations. Herein, we present the preliminary psychometric properties of a sample of HIV-seropositive Puerto Rican women, measured using a newly developed health-related resilience scale.

METHODS AND DESIGN: The Resilience Scales for Children and Adolescents, an instrument with solid test construction properties, acted as a model in the development (in both English and Spanish) of the HRRS, providing the same dimensions and most of the same subscales. The present sample was nested within the Hispanic-Latino longitudinal cohort of women (HLLC), that is part of the NeuroAIDS Research Program at the University of Puerto Rico (UPR), Medical Sciences Campus (MSC). Forty-five consecutively recruited, HIV+ women from the HLLC completed a demographic survey, the HRRS, and the Beck Depression Inventory-I, Spanish version.

RESULTS: The results demonstrate excellent overall internal consistency for the total HRRS score (α = 0.95). Each of the dimensional scores also evidenced acceptable internal consistency (α ≥ 0.88). All the dimensional and subscale content validity indices were above the 0.42 cut-off. Analysis revealed a significant negative correlation between the HRRS total score and BDI-I-S (r(45) = -0.453, p < 0.003).

CONCLUSION: Albeit preliminary in nature, the present study provides support for the HRRS as a measure to assess resilience among individuals living with chronic medical conditions. Minority populations, especially non-English speaking ones, are understudied across the field of medicine, and when efforts are made to include these patient groups, measurement is rarely tailored to their unique cultural and linguistic experiences. The HRRS is a measure that addresses these notable voids in the medical literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e0181253
JournalPLoS One
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Psychometrics
Health
HIV
medical sciences
Linguistics
mental health
Medicine
Puerto Rico
research programs
health status
Health Resources
Vulnerable Populations
medicine
demographic statistics
Health Status
Mental Health
sampling
Demography
Depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Jimenez-Torres, G. J., Wojna, V., Rosario, E., Hechevarría, R., Alemán-Batista, A. M., Matos, M. R., ... Acevedo, S. F. (2017). Assessing health-related resiliency in HIV+ Latin women: Preliminary psychometric findings. PLoS One, 12(7), e0181253. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181253

Assessing health-related resiliency in HIV+ Latin women : Preliminary psychometric findings. / Jimenez-Torres, Gladys J.; Wojna, Valerie; Rosario, Ernesto; Hechevarría, Rosa; Alemán-Batista, Ada M.; Matos, Miriam Ríos; Madan, Alok; Skolasky, Richard L.; Acevedo, Summer F.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 12, No. 7, 2017, p. e0181253.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jimenez-Torres, GJ, Wojna, V, Rosario, E, Hechevarría, R, Alemán-Batista, AM, Matos, MR, Madan, A, Skolasky, RL & Acevedo, SF 2017, 'Assessing health-related resiliency in HIV+ Latin women: Preliminary psychometric findings', PLoS One, vol. 12, no. 7, pp. e0181253. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181253
Jimenez-Torres GJ, Wojna V, Rosario E, Hechevarría R, Alemán-Batista AM, Matos MR et al. Assessing health-related resiliency in HIV+ Latin women: Preliminary psychometric findings. PLoS One. 2017;12(7):e0181253. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181253
Jimenez-Torres, Gladys J. ; Wojna, Valerie ; Rosario, Ernesto ; Hechevarría, Rosa ; Alemán-Batista, Ada M. ; Matos, Miriam Ríos ; Madan, Alok ; Skolasky, Richard L. ; Acevedo, Summer F. / Assessing health-related resiliency in HIV+ Latin women : Preliminary psychometric findings. In: PLoS One. 2017 ; Vol. 12, No. 7. pp. e0181253.
@article{39bf562b946a4483bfdfcb8f0b54b2be,
title = "Assessing health-related resiliency in HIV+ Latin women: Preliminary psychometric findings",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: HIV-associated vulnerabilities-especially those linked to psychological issues-and limited mental health-treatment resources have the potential to adversely affect the health statuses of individuals. The concept of resilience has been introduced in the literature to shift the emphasis from vulnerability to protective factors. Resilience, however, is an evolving construct and is measured in various ways, though rarely among underserved, minority populations. Herein, we present the preliminary psychometric properties of a sample of HIV-seropositive Puerto Rican women, measured using a newly developed health-related resilience scale.METHODS AND DESIGN: The Resilience Scales for Children and Adolescents, an instrument with solid test construction properties, acted as a model in the development (in both English and Spanish) of the HRRS, providing the same dimensions and most of the same subscales. The present sample was nested within the Hispanic-Latino longitudinal cohort of women (HLLC), that is part of the NeuroAIDS Research Program at the University of Puerto Rico (UPR), Medical Sciences Campus (MSC). Forty-five consecutively recruited, HIV+ women from the HLLC completed a demographic survey, the HRRS, and the Beck Depression Inventory-I, Spanish version.RESULTS: The results demonstrate excellent overall internal consistency for the total HRRS score (α = 0.95). Each of the dimensional scores also evidenced acceptable internal consistency (α ≥ 0.88). All the dimensional and subscale content validity indices were above the 0.42 cut-off. Analysis revealed a significant negative correlation between the HRRS total score and BDI-I-S (r(45) = -0.453, p < 0.003).CONCLUSION: Albeit preliminary in nature, the present study provides support for the HRRS as a measure to assess resilience among individuals living with chronic medical conditions. Minority populations, especially non-English speaking ones, are understudied across the field of medicine, and when efforts are made to include these patient groups, measurement is rarely tailored to their unique cultural and linguistic experiences. The HRRS is a measure that addresses these notable voids in the medical literature.",
author = "Jimenez-Torres, {Gladys J.} and Valerie Wojna and Ernesto Rosario and Rosa Hechevarr{\'i}a and Alem{\'a}n-Batista, {Ada M.} and Matos, {Miriam R{\'i}os} and Alok Madan and Skolasky, {Richard L.} and Acevedo, {Summer F.}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0181253",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
pages = "e0181253",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing health-related resiliency in HIV+ Latin women

T2 - Preliminary psychometric findings

AU - Jimenez-Torres, Gladys J.

AU - Wojna, Valerie

AU - Rosario, Ernesto

AU - Hechevarría, Rosa

AU - Alemán-Batista, Ada M.

AU - Matos, Miriam Ríos

AU - Madan, Alok

AU - Skolasky, Richard L.

AU - Acevedo, Summer F.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - BACKGROUND: HIV-associated vulnerabilities-especially those linked to psychological issues-and limited mental health-treatment resources have the potential to adversely affect the health statuses of individuals. The concept of resilience has been introduced in the literature to shift the emphasis from vulnerability to protective factors. Resilience, however, is an evolving construct and is measured in various ways, though rarely among underserved, minority populations. Herein, we present the preliminary psychometric properties of a sample of HIV-seropositive Puerto Rican women, measured using a newly developed health-related resilience scale.METHODS AND DESIGN: The Resilience Scales for Children and Adolescents, an instrument with solid test construction properties, acted as a model in the development (in both English and Spanish) of the HRRS, providing the same dimensions and most of the same subscales. The present sample was nested within the Hispanic-Latino longitudinal cohort of women (HLLC), that is part of the NeuroAIDS Research Program at the University of Puerto Rico (UPR), Medical Sciences Campus (MSC). Forty-five consecutively recruited, HIV+ women from the HLLC completed a demographic survey, the HRRS, and the Beck Depression Inventory-I, Spanish version.RESULTS: The results demonstrate excellent overall internal consistency for the total HRRS score (α = 0.95). Each of the dimensional scores also evidenced acceptable internal consistency (α ≥ 0.88). All the dimensional and subscale content validity indices were above the 0.42 cut-off. Analysis revealed a significant negative correlation between the HRRS total score and BDI-I-S (r(45) = -0.453, p < 0.003).CONCLUSION: Albeit preliminary in nature, the present study provides support for the HRRS as a measure to assess resilience among individuals living with chronic medical conditions. Minority populations, especially non-English speaking ones, are understudied across the field of medicine, and when efforts are made to include these patient groups, measurement is rarely tailored to their unique cultural and linguistic experiences. The HRRS is a measure that addresses these notable voids in the medical literature.

AB - BACKGROUND: HIV-associated vulnerabilities-especially those linked to psychological issues-and limited mental health-treatment resources have the potential to adversely affect the health statuses of individuals. The concept of resilience has been introduced in the literature to shift the emphasis from vulnerability to protective factors. Resilience, however, is an evolving construct and is measured in various ways, though rarely among underserved, minority populations. Herein, we present the preliminary psychometric properties of a sample of HIV-seropositive Puerto Rican women, measured using a newly developed health-related resilience scale.METHODS AND DESIGN: The Resilience Scales for Children and Adolescents, an instrument with solid test construction properties, acted as a model in the development (in both English and Spanish) of the HRRS, providing the same dimensions and most of the same subscales. The present sample was nested within the Hispanic-Latino longitudinal cohort of women (HLLC), that is part of the NeuroAIDS Research Program at the University of Puerto Rico (UPR), Medical Sciences Campus (MSC). Forty-five consecutively recruited, HIV+ women from the HLLC completed a demographic survey, the HRRS, and the Beck Depression Inventory-I, Spanish version.RESULTS: The results demonstrate excellent overall internal consistency for the total HRRS score (α = 0.95). Each of the dimensional scores also evidenced acceptable internal consistency (α ≥ 0.88). All the dimensional and subscale content validity indices were above the 0.42 cut-off. Analysis revealed a significant negative correlation between the HRRS total score and BDI-I-S (r(45) = -0.453, p < 0.003).CONCLUSION: Albeit preliminary in nature, the present study provides support for the HRRS as a measure to assess resilience among individuals living with chronic medical conditions. Minority populations, especially non-English speaking ones, are understudied across the field of medicine, and when efforts are made to include these patient groups, measurement is rarely tailored to their unique cultural and linguistic experiences. The HRRS is a measure that addresses these notable voids in the medical literature.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85030431261&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85030431261&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0181253

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0181253

M3 - Article

C2 - 28723939

AN - SCOPUS:85030431261

VL - 12

SP - e0181253

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 7

ER -