Background: Our aim was to compare outcomes of patients who undergo conversion to open during minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MI-DP) and pancreatoduodenectomy (MI-PD) to those completed in minimally invasive fashion, and to compare outcomes of minimally invasive completions and conversions to planned open pancreatectomy. Methods: Propensity scoring was used to compare outcomes of completed and converted cases from a national cohort, and multivariate regression analysis (MVA) was used to compare minimally invasive completions and conversions to planned open pancreatectomy. Results: MI-DP was performed in 43.0%. Conversions (20.2%) had increased morbidity (32.3 vs 42.0%), serious morbidity (11.1 vs 21.2%), and organ space infection (6.2 vs 14.2%). Outcomes of MI-DP conversions were comparable to open. MI-PD was performed in 6.1%. Conversions (25.2%) had increased organ space infection (10.9 vs 26.6%), blood transfusions (17.2 vs 42.2%), and clinically relevant pancreatic fistula (11.5 vs 28.1%). On MVA, conversion of MI-PD was associated with increased mortality (OR 2.84, 95% CI 1.09–7.42), post-operative percutaneous drain placement (OR 2.36, 95% CI 1.32–4.20), and blood transfusions (OR 1.85, 95% CI 1.07–3.21). Conclusion: Converted cases have increased morbidity compared to completions, and for patients undergoing PD, conversions may be associated with inferior outcomes compared to planned open cases.
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