Assessing the statistical significance of the achieved classification error of classifiers constructed using serum peptide profiles, and a prescription for random sampling repeated studies for massive high-throughput genomic and proteomic studies

James Lyons-Weiler, Richard Pelikan, Herbert J. Zeh, David C. Whitcomb, David E. Malehorn, William L. Bigbee, Milos Hauskrecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peptide profiles generated using SELDI/MALDI time of flight mass spectrometry provide a promising source of patientspecific information with high potential impact on the early detection and classification of cancer and other diseases. The new profiling technology comes, however, with numerous challenges and concerns. Particularly important are concerns of reproducibility of classification results and their significance. In this work we describe a computational validation framework, called PACE (Permutation-Achieved Classification Error), that lets us assess, for a given classification model, the significance of the Achieved Classification Error (ACE) on the profile data. The framework compares the performance statistic of the classifier on true data samples and checks if these are consistent with the behavior of the classifier on the same data with randomly reassigned class labels. A statistically significant ACE increases our belief that a discriminative signal was found in the data. The advantage of PACE analysis is that it can be easily combined with any classification model and is relatively easy to interpret. PACE analysis does not protect researchers against confounding in the experimental design, or other sources of systematic or random error.We use PACE analysis to assess significance of classification results we have achieved on a number of published data sets. The results show that many of these datasets indeed possess a signal that leads to a statistically significant ACE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-77
Number of pages25
JournalCancer Informatics
Volume1
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bioinformatics
  • Biomarkers
  • Disease prediction models
  • Early detection
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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