Assessment of a CAD scheme in selecting the optimal focused microscopic scanning images of the metaphase chromosomes

Xingwei Wang, Jun Tan, Yuchen Qiu, Yuhua Li, Hong Liu, Shibo Li, Bin Zheng

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Visually searching for analyzable metaphase chromosome cells under microscopes is a routine and time-consuming task in genetic laboratories to diagnose cancer and genetic disorders. To improve detection efficiency, consistency, and accuracy, we developed an automated microscopic image scanning system using a 100X oil immersion objective lens to acquire images that has sufficient spatial resolution allowing clinicians to do diagnosis. Due to the high-resolution, the field of image depth is very limited and multiple scans up to seven layers are required. Thus, a metaphase cell can spread over multiple images at different focal levels. Among them only one or two are adequate for the diagnosis and the others are typically fuzzy images. In this study, we developed and tested a computer-aided detection (CAD) scheme to automatically select one image with the sharpest image quality and discard all of the other fuzzy images based on the computed sharpness index. From three scanned bone marrow specimen slides, the on-line and offline metaphase finding modules automatically selected 100 chromosome cells with 534 images. These images were selected to build a testing dataset. For each cell, the CAD scheme selects one image with the maximum sharpness index. Three observers also independently visually selected one best image for diagnosis from each cell. The agreement rate between CAD and visually selected images ranges from 89% to 96%, which is also very comparable to the agreement rate between the two observers. This experiment demonstrated the feasibility of applying a CAD scheme to select the images with sharpest high-resolution metaphase chromosome cell and potentially improve diagnostic efficiency and accuracy in the future clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2011
Subtitle of host publicationImage Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment
Volume7966
DOIs
StatePublished - May 16 2011
EventMedical Imaging 2011: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment - Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States
Duration: Feb 16 2011Feb 17 2011

Other

OtherMedical Imaging 2011: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment
CountryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista, FL
Period2/16/112/17/11

Fingerprint

chromosomes
Metaphase
Chromosomes
Scanning
scanning
Image quality
cells
Lenses
Bone
Oils
Inborn Genetic Diseases
Microscopes
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
Immersion
sharpness
Testing
Bone Marrow
Experiments
bone marrow
high resolution

Keywords

  • Computer-aided detection
  • Digital microscopic images
  • Metaphase chromosomes
  • Multiple focus scanning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Wang, X., Tan, J., Qiu, Y., Li, Y., Liu, H., Li, S., & Zheng, B. (2011). Assessment of a CAD scheme in selecting the optimal focused microscopic scanning images of the metaphase chromosomes. In Medical Imaging 2011: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment (Vol. 7966). [796618] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.876864

Assessment of a CAD scheme in selecting the optimal focused microscopic scanning images of the metaphase chromosomes. / Wang, Xingwei; Tan, Jun; Qiu, Yuchen; Li, Yuhua; Liu, Hong; Li, Shibo; Zheng, Bin.

Medical Imaging 2011: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment. Vol. 7966 2011. 796618.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Wang, X, Tan, J, Qiu, Y, Li, Y, Liu, H, Li, S & Zheng, B 2011, Assessment of a CAD scheme in selecting the optimal focused microscopic scanning images of the metaphase chromosomes. in Medical Imaging 2011: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment. vol. 7966, 796618, Medical Imaging 2011: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment, Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States, 2/16/11. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.876864
Wang X, Tan J, Qiu Y, Li Y, Liu H, Li S et al. Assessment of a CAD scheme in selecting the optimal focused microscopic scanning images of the metaphase chromosomes. In Medical Imaging 2011: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment. Vol. 7966. 2011. 796618 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.876864
Wang, Xingwei ; Tan, Jun ; Qiu, Yuchen ; Li, Yuhua ; Liu, Hong ; Li, Shibo ; Zheng, Bin. / Assessment of a CAD scheme in selecting the optimal focused microscopic scanning images of the metaphase chromosomes. Medical Imaging 2011: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment. Vol. 7966 2011.
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