Glioblastoma (GBM), the most common primary brain tumor found in adults, is extremely aggressive. These high-grade gliomas, which are very diffuse, highly vascular, and invasive, undergo unregulated vascular angiogenesis. Despite available treatments, the median survival for patients is dismal. ELTD1 (EGF, latrophilin, and 7 transmembrane domain containing protein 1) is an angiogenic biomarker highly expressed in human high-grade gliomas. Recent studies have demonstrated that the blood-brain barrier, as well as the blood-tumor barrier, is not equally disrupted in GBM patients. This study therefore aimed to optimize an antibody treatment against ELTD1 using a smaller scFv fragment of a monoclonal antibody that binds against the external region of ELTD1 in a G55 glioma xenograft glioma preclinical model. Morphological magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to determine tumor volumes and quantify perfusion rates. We also assessed percent survival following tumor postdetection. Tumor tissue was also assessed to confirm and quantify the presence of the ELTD1 scFv molecular targeted MRI probe, as well as microvessel density and Notch1 levels. In addition, we used molecular-targeted MRI to localize our antibodies in vivo. This approach showed that our scFv antibody attached-molecular MRI probe was effective in targeting and localizing diffuse tumor regions. Through this analysis, we determined that our anti-ELTD1 scFv antibody treatments were successful in increasing survival, decreasing tumor volumes, and normalizing vascular perfusion and Notch1 levels within tumor regions. This study demonstrates that our scFv fragment antibody against ELTD1 may be useful and potential antiangiogenic treatments against GBM.
- Glioblastoma (GBM)
- Orthotopic G55 xenograft model
- single chain variable fragment (scFv)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research