Objective: To assess visualization tasks using cone-beam CT (CBCT) compared to multi-detector CT (MDCT) for musculoskeletal extremity imaging. Methods: Ten cadaveric hands and ten knees were examined using a dedicated CBCT prototype and a clinical multi-detector CT using nominal protocols (80kVp-108mAs for CBCT; 120kVp- 300mAs for MDCT). Soft tissue and bone visualization tasks were assessed by four radiologists using five-point satisfaction (for CBCT and MDCT individually) and five-point preference (side-by-side CBCT versus MDCT image quality comparison) rating tests. Ratings were analyzed using Kruskal–Wallis and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests, and observer agreement was assessed using the Kappa-statistic. Results: Knee CBCT images were rated “excellent” or “good” (median scores 5 and 4) for “bone” and “soft tissue” visualization tasks. Hand CBCT images were rated “excellent” or “adequate” (median scores 5 and 3) for “bone” and “soft tissue” visualization tasks. Preference tests rated CBCT equivalent or superior to MDCT for bone visualization and favoured the MDCT for soft tissue visualization tasks. Intraobserver agreement for CBCT satisfaction tests was fair to almost perfect (κ ~ 0.26–0.92), and interobserver agreement was fair to moderate (κ ~ 0.27–0.54). Conclusion: CBCT provided excellent image quality for bone visualization and adequate image quality for soft tissue visualization tasks. Key Points: • CBCT provided adequate image quality for diagnostic tasks in extremity imaging. • CBCT images were “excellent” for “bone” and “good/adequate” for “soft tissue” visualization tasks. • CBCT image quality was equivalent/superior to MDCT for bone visualization tasks.
- Cone-beam computed tomography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging