Assessment of patient organ doses and effective doses using the VIP-Man adult male phantom for selected cone-beam CT imaging procedures during image guided radiation therapy

Jianwei Gu, Bryan Bednarz, George X. Xu, Steve B. Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations


A Monte Carlo based computational procedure for determining organ doses and effective doses has been described for two procedures used in newly developed image-guided radiation treatment: kilovoltage cone-beam computed tomography (kV CBCT) and mega-voltage computed tomography (MV CBCT). A whole-body patient computational phantom, VIP-Man phantom, is employed for Monte Carlo dose calculations. Results indicate that the thyroid dose is always the highest in head and neck (H&N) scan for both kV and MV CBCT, and the bladder dose is the highest in prostate scan for both kV and MV CBCT. For the VIP-Man phantom, it has been found that the effective dose for kV CBCT (assuming a total exposure of 1350 mAs) is ∼9.5 mSv for the two anatomical sites, whereas the effective dose for MV CBCT (assuming a total of 6 monitor unit) ranges from 5.10 mSv for the H&N case to 8.39 mSv for the prostate scan. The estimated whole-body effective doses allow different imaging procedures to be compared and evaluated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-443
Number of pages13
JournalRadiation Protection Dosimetry
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2008


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiation
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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