Association between responsible pet ownership and glycemic control in youths with type 1 diabetes

Louise Maranda, Olga T. Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) a chronic characterized by an absolute insulin deficiency requires conscientious patient self-management to maintain glucose control within a normal range. Family cohesion and adaptability, positive coping strategies, social support and adequate self-regulatory behavior are found to favorably influence glycemic control. Our hypothesis was that the responsible care of a companion animal is associated with these positive attributes and correlated with the successful management of a chronic illness such as type 1 diabetes. We recruited 223 youths between 9 and 19 years of age from the Pediatric Diabetes clinic at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, reviewed the status of their glycemic control (using three consecutive A1c values) and asked them questions about the presence of a pet at home, and their level of involvement with its care. Multivariate analyses show that children who care actively for one or more pets at home are 2.5 times more likely to have control over their glycemic levels than children who do not care for a pet, adjusting for duration of disease, socio-economic status, age and self-management [1.1 to 5.8], pWald = 0.032. A separate model involving the care of a petdog only yielded comparable results (ORa = 2.6 [1.1 to 5.9], pWald = 0.023).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0152332
JournalPLoS One
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

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glycemic control
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
Ownership
Pets
Medical problems
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
pets
Self Care
pet care
child care
coping strategies
socioeconomic status
cohesion
chronic diseases
Pediatrics
diabetes
insulin
Child Care
Medical Schools
Social Support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Association between responsible pet ownership and glycemic control in youths with type 1 diabetes. / Maranda, Louise; Gupta, Olga T.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 11, No. 4, e0152332, 01.04.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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