Objective To examine the relation of endothelial microparticles (EMPs) with cardiometabolic risk in the community.
Background Circulating EMPs are small membrane vesicles released after endothelial cell injury. Endothelial microparticles are reportedly increased among individuals with a high burden of cardiovascular risk factors. However, prior investigations have been limited to small, highly selected samples.
Methods We studied 844 individuals without a history of cardiovascular disease in the Framingham Offspring cohort (mean age 66 ± 9 years, 57% women). We used standardized flow cytometry methods to identify and quantify circulating CD144+ and CD31+/CD41-EMPs. We then used multivariable regression analyses to investigate the relations of EMP phenotypes with cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors.
Results In multivariable analyses, the following cardiovascular risk factors were associated with one or more of the circulating EMP populations: hypertension (P = 0.025 for CD144+,), elevated triglycerides (P = 0.002 for CD144+, P < 0.0001 for CD31+/CD41-), and metabolic syndrome (P < 0.0001 for CD144+,). Overall, each tertile increase in the Framingham risk score corresponded to a 9% increase in log-CD31+/CD41-EMPs (P = 0.022). Furthermore, the presence of hypertriglyceridaemic waist status was associated with 38% higher levels of CD144+ EMPs (P < 0.0001) and 46% higher levels of CD31+/CD41-EMPs (P < 0.0001).
Conclusion In a large community-based sample, circulating EMP levels were associated with the presence of cardiometabolic risk factors, particularly dyslipidaemia. These data underscore the potential influence of high-risk metabolic profiles on endothelial integrity.
- Cardiovascular risk factors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine