Association of Clinician Behaviors and Weight Change in School-Aged Children

Christy B Turer, Sarah Endicott Barlow, David B. Sarwer, B. Adamson, Joanne Sanders, Chul Ahn, Song Zhang, G. Flores, Celette S Skinner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: This study uses clinical practice data to determine whether recommended weight management clinician behaviors are associated with weight status improvement in children aged 6–12 years who are overweight or obese. Methods: Electronic health record data (2009–2014) from 52 clinics were used. Weight status was examined from 1 visit to the next as dichotomous improvement (versus worsening or no change) and change in percentage overweight (over sex/age-specific BMI95). The primary predictor was a clinician behavior variable denoting attention to high BMI alone or with assessment of medical risk/comorbidities and was defined using combinations of diagnostic codes and electronic health record orders. Covariates included time between visits and medications associated with weight gain or loss. Adjusted multilevel regression models examined the association of the clinician behavior variable with weight status improvement. Analyses were conducted from 2015 to 2018. Results: Children (n=7,205) had a mean age of 8.9 years; 45.5% were overweight, 54.5% obese, and 81.1% publicly insured. For 62% of overweight children, and 38%, 21%, and 11% of those in obesity classes 1–3, respectively, no attention to high BMI/medical risk assessment at any visit was identified. Children with evidence of clinician attention to high BMI alone and who underwent a medical risk assessment had significantly greater AOR of improvement in percentage of BMI95 and percentage of BMI95 change: BMI alone, AOR=1.2 (p<0.001) and β= −0.3 (p>0.05); BMI/medical risk, AOR=1.2 and β= −0.5 (both p<0.001). Other factors associated with weight status improvement included prescription medications (1 or more prescriptions associated with either weight loss or none associated with weight gain) and fewer months between visits. Conclusions: This is the first study to use electronic health record data to demonstrate that widely recommended clinician behaviors are associated with weight status improvement in children aged 6–12 years who are overweight or obese.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Weights and Measures
Electronic Health Records
Weight Gain
Prescriptions
Weight Loss
Comorbidity
Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Association of Clinician Behaviors and Weight Change in School-Aged Children. / Turer, Christy B; Barlow, Sarah Endicott; Sarwer, David B.; Adamson, B.; Sanders, Joanne; Ahn, Chul; Zhang, Song; Flores, G.; Skinner, Celette S.

In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Introduction: This study uses clinical practice data to determine whether recommended weight management clinician behaviors are associated with weight status improvement in children aged 6–12 years who are overweight or obese. Methods: Electronic health record data (2009–2014) from 52 clinics were used. Weight status was examined from 1 visit to the next as dichotomous improvement (versus worsening or no change) and change in percentage overweight (over sex/age-specific BMI95). The primary predictor was a clinician behavior variable denoting attention to high BMI alone or with assessment of medical risk/comorbidities and was defined using combinations of diagnostic codes and electronic health record orders. Covariates included time between visits and medications associated with weight gain or loss. Adjusted multilevel regression models examined the association of the clinician behavior variable with weight status improvement. Analyses were conducted from 2015 to 2018. Results: Children (n=7,205) had a mean age of 8.9 years; 45.5{\%} were overweight, 54.5{\%} obese, and 81.1{\%} publicly insured. For 62{\%} of overweight children, and 38{\%}, 21{\%}, and 11{\%} of those in obesity classes 1–3, respectively, no attention to high BMI/medical risk assessment at any visit was identified. Children with evidence of clinician attention to high BMI alone and who underwent a medical risk assessment had significantly greater AOR of improvement in percentage of BMI95 and percentage of BMI95 change: BMI alone, AOR=1.2 (p<0.001) and β= −0.3 (p>0.05); BMI/medical risk, AOR=1.2 and β= −0.5 (both p<0.001). Other factors associated with weight status improvement included prescription medications (1 or more prescriptions associated with either weight loss or none associated with weight gain) and fewer months between visits. Conclusions: This is the first study to use electronic health record data to demonstrate that widely recommended clinician behaviors are associated with weight status improvement in children aged 6–12 years who are overweight or obese.",
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