Association of financial assistance programs and time to completion of therapy in women receiving chemoradiation for cervical cancer

Jessica M. Gillen, Sarah C. Grimes, Kathleen G. Essel, Grace E. Duininck, Daniel Zhao, John S. Thompson, Debra L. Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We aimed to evaluate how the need for social services programs is associated with outcomes amongst patients with cervical cancer undergoing chemoradiation with a single institution, retrospective analysis of patients from January 1, 2015-July 31, 2018. Demographic, clinical, and social services utilization data were collected. Descriptive statistics and Chi-squared tests were performed. Kaplan-Meier curves estimated progression free (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Among 117 eligible patients, median household income was $45,782 ($19,771 – $96,222). There was no difference in stage among income cohorts. Uninsured/publically insured patients had a higher stage at diagnosis than those privately insured (p = 0.003). Patients used 0–5 assistance programs during treatment. 77.6% of low income versus 54.2% of high income patients utilized ≥1 program. Assistance with lodging was utilized more often in low than high income patients. (36.2% vs 15.7%, p = 0.013). 58.3% of patients completed therapy in less than 56 days. Patients who completed therapy in >56 days utilized 1.44 social services while patients completing in ≤56 days used 1.06 (p = 0.102). Social security disability utilization trended towards completion times >56 days (p = 0.064). There was no difference in PFS or OS based on income or social services utilized. Financial toxicities associated with therapy are not limited to uninsured/publically insured or low income patients as over 50% of high income patients utilized at least one service. Additionally, the trend towards significance between enrollment in disability and completion of chemoradiation >56 days may highlight a group of at risk patients who need additional support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100660
JournalGynecologic Oncology Reports
Volume34
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cervical cancer
  • Chemoradiation
  • Social services
  • Socioeconomic status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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