Association of Iso-Osmolar vs Low-Osmolar Contrast Media With Major Adverse Renal or Cardiovascular Events in Patients at High Risk for Acute Kidney Injury Undergoing Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

Amit P. Amin, Anand Prasad, Michael P. Ryan, Candace Gunnarsson, Emmanouil S. Brilakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this analysis was to examine the association of iso-osmolar contrast media (IOCM) vs low-osmolar contrast media (LOCM) with major adverse renal or cardiovascular events (MARCE) in patients at high risk of acute kidney injury (AKI), undergoing endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). METHODS: Patients at high risk of AKI (defined as age ≥75 years, or one or more of the following comorbidities: diabetes, anemia, chronic kidney disease (CKD stages 1-4) or congestive heart failure), undergoing EVAR from September 2012 to June 2018 were identified using the Premier Hospital Database. We compared the primary endpoint of MARCE (composite of AKI, AKI requiring dialysis, acute myocardial infarction [AMI], stroke/transient ischemic attack [TIA], and death) with IOCM vs LOCM via adjusted multivariable regression analyses. RESULTS: Among 15,777 high-risk patients undergoing EVAR, the occurrence of in-hospital MARCE was 6.8%, including renal events (4.5%), AMI (0.8%), stroke/TIA (0.4%), and death (1.9%), IOCM was used in 7360 patients (47%). Multivariable modeling found IOCM was associated with 1.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.4-3.3; P=.01) lower absolute risk for MARCE (23.9% relative risk reduction; 95% CI, 5.2%-44.2%). CONCLUSIONS: Use of IOCM vs LOCM in patients at high risk of AKI undergoing EVAR procedures was associated with a lower risk of MARCE. As prevention of AKI or cardiovascular events after EVAR procedures may lead to reduced morbidity and mortality, this finding may have important clinical implications and should be confirmed through randomized controlled clinical studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E640-E646
JournalThe Journal of invasive cardiology
Volume33
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2021

Keywords

  • AAA
  • EVAR
  • abdominal aortic aneurysms
  • acute kidney injury
  • chronic kidney disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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