Association of Patient Age and Gender with Kidney Stone Related Quality of Life

Karen L. Stern, Tianming Gao, Jodi Antonelli, Davis P. Viprakasit, Timothy D. Averch, Thomas Chi, Ben H. Chew, Vincent G. Bird, Vernon M. Pais, Necole M. Streeper, Roger L. Sur, Stephen Y. Nakada, Kristina L. Penniston, Sri Sivalingam

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Kidney stone formers have lower health related quality of life than nonstone formers. The North American Stone Quality of Life Consortium is a multicenter, longitudinal, prospective study of health related quality of life in patients with kidney stones using the WISQOL (Wisconsin Stone Quality of Life Questionnaire) with data on 2,052 patients from a total of 11 centers. This study is a subanalysis of cross-sectional data looking at the association of age, gender and race on health related quality of life of stone formers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed multivariable analyses of ordinal logistic regression analyses to determine the impact of age, gender and race on health related quality of life, adjusting for other baseline covariates. The proportional odds assumption of ordinal logistic regression was checked. Total score and scores on 4 subdomains (social functioning, emotional functioning, stone related impact and vitality) were included. RESULTS: Median total score for all patients was 80.4. On multivariable analysis older patients had a significantly higher total health related quality of life score than younger patients (per 10-year increase OR 1.25, p <0.0001). Male patients had higher scores than females (OR 1.56, p = 0.0003) and nonCaucasian patients had lower health related quality of life than nonLatino Caucasian patients (OR 0.63, p = 0.0045). CONCLUSIONS: Younger and female patients with kidney stones have lower health related quality of life than older and male patients, respectively. NonCaucasian patients with stones also have lower health related quality of life. The clinical impact of these findings might include future implications for patient counseling, including dietary and medical management of stone disease, and potential changes to the paradigm of the surgical management of stones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-313
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of urology
Volume202
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

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Keywords

  • health status
  • kidney calculi
  • prevalence
  • quality of life
  • surveys and questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Cite this

Stern, K. L., Gao, T., Antonelli, J., Viprakasit, D. P., Averch, T. D., Chi, T., Chew, B. H., Bird, V. G., Pais, V. M., Streeper, N. M., Sur, R. L., Nakada, S. Y., Penniston, K. L., & Sivalingam, S. (2019). Association of Patient Age and Gender with Kidney Stone Related Quality of Life. The Journal of urology, 202(2), 309-313. https://doi.org/10.1097/JU.0000000000000291