Objectives: This study aimed to examine the association of less-certain indication of chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention (CTO-PCI) with subsequent clinical outcomes. Background: The impact of patient symptoms, myocardial viability, and clinical and anatomic risk on long-term outcomes is underdetermined. Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing CTO-PCI at a large-volume single center between 2010 and 2013 were included. Central adjudication was used to assess the appropriateness of three prespecified indications. The primary outcome was the 5-year composite endpoint of death or myocardial infarction (MI). Results: Of 2,659 patients with 2,735 CTO lesions, the 348 (13.1%) asymptomatic patients, 164 (6.2%) patients without viable myocardium in the CTO territory, and 306 (11.5%) patients in whom the Synergy between PCI with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery Score II favored coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) had higher 5-year death or MI compared with the rest patients in each category (12.0% vs. 8.6%, p =.04; 16.3% vs. 8.5%, p <.0001; 12.2% vs. 8.6%, p =.03), respectively. Multivariable regression analysis demonstrated that without symptom (hazard ratio: 1.51; 95% confidence interval: 1.06–2.15; p =.02), non-viable myocardium in CTO territory (hazard ratio: 1.77; 95% confidence interval: 1.16–2.72; p =.009), and deemed more favorable for CABG (hazard ratio:1.54; 95% confidence interval: 1.04–2.28; p =.03), but not the technical success (hazard ratio:0.85; 95% confidence interval: 0.62–1.18; p =.34), were independent predictors for the primary endpoint. Conclusions: In this large cohort of CTO-PCI, those who were asymptomatic, non-viable myocardium in the CTO territory, or deemed more favorable for CABG were associated with higher risk of long-term mortality or MI.
- chronic total occlusion
- coronary artery disease
- percutaneous coronary intervention
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine