DNAs from unrelated healthy individuals and unrelated individuals affected with 21-hydroxylase deficiency (congenital and late-onset adrenal hyperplasia) were digested with seven restriction enzymes and hybridized with a cDNA probe specific for human 21-hydroxylase genes. Associations were found between restriction fragments and the two forms of the disease: (i) The late onset form is associated with a double dose of a 14 kb fragment generated by Eco RI and with a triple dose of a 3.2 kb fragment generated by TaqI in patients with HLA B14 haplotypes; (ii) The classical congenital form is negatively associated with the 14 kb fragment and with a 3.7 kb fragment generated by TaqI in patients with HLA Bw47 haplotypes. A 3.2 kb TaqI fragment is negatively associated with the HLA B8 haplotypes. The other five enzymes tested give no polymorphisms or polymorphisms without correlation with the two forms of the disease.
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