AT1 receptor mutant lacking heterotrimeric G protein coupling activates the Src-Ras-ERK pathway without nuclear translocation of ERKs

Koichi Seta, Masakatsu Nanamori, J. Gregory Modrall, Richard R. Neubig, Junichi Sadoshima

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Angiotensin II (Ang II) type 1 receptors (AT1Rs) activate tyrosine kinases, including Src. Whether or not tyrosine kinase activation by AT1R occurs independently of heterotrimeric G protein coupling and, if so, the cellular function of such a mechanism are unknown. To address these questions, we used an ATlaR intracellular second loop mutant, which lacks heterotrimeric G protein coupling (AT1a-i2m). Surprisingly, Ang II-induced Src activation was preserved in AT1a-i2m, which was not attenuated by inhibiting protein kinase C and Ca2+ or by inhibiting Gαi or Gαq in CHO-K1 cells. By contrast, Ang II-induced Src activation was abolished in a C-terminally truncated AT1a-(1-309), where Ang II-induced inositol phosphate response was preserved. Ang II activates ERKs via a Src-Ras-dependent mechanism in AT1a-i2m. ERKs activated by AT1a-i2m phosphorylate their cytoplasmic targets, including p90RSK, but fail to translocate into the nucleus or to cause cell proliferation. Ang II-induced nuclear translocation of ERKs by wild type AT1aR was inhibited by overexpression of nuclear exportin Crm-1, while that by AT1a-i2m was restored by leptomycin B, an inhibitor of Crm-1. In summary, while Src and ERKs are activated by Ang II even without heterotrimeric G protein coupling, the carboxyl terminus of the AT1 receptor is required for activation of Src. Interestingly, ERKs activated by heterotrimeric G protein-independent mechanisms fail to phosphorylate nuclear targets due to lack of inhibition of Crm-1-induced nuclear export of ERKs. These results suggest that heterotrimeric G protein-dependent and -independent signaling mechanisms play distinct roles in Ang II-mediated cellular responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9268-9277
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number11
StatePublished - Mar 15 2002


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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