Previous studies had led to the conclusion that the globular, single-headed myosins IA and IB from Acanthamoeba castellanii contain two actin-binding sites: one associated with the catalytic site and whose binding to F-actin activates the Mg2+-ATPase activity and a second site whose binding results in the cross-linking of actin filaments and makes the actin-activated ATPase activity positively cooperative with respect to myosin I concentration. We have not prepared a 100,000-Da NH2-terminal peptide and a 30,000-Da COOH-terminal peptide by α-chymotryptic digestion of the myosin IA heavy chain. The intact 17,000-Da light chain remained associated with the 100,000-Da fragment, which also contained the serine residue that must be phosphorylated for expression of actin-activated ATPase activity by native myosin IA. The 30,000-Da peptide, which contained 34% glycine and 21% proline, bound to F-actin with a K(D) < 0.5 μM in the presence or absence of ATP but had no ATPase activity. The 100,000-Da peptide bound to F-actin with K(D) = 0.4-0.8 μM in the presence of 2 mM MgATP and K(D) < 0.01 μM in the absence of MgATP. In contrast to native myosin IA, neither peptide cross-linked actin filaments. The phosphorylated 100,000-Da peptide had actin-activated ATPase activity with the same V(max) as that of native phosphorylated myosin IA but this activity displayed simple, noncooperative hyperbolic dependence on the actin concentration in contrast to the complex cooperative kinetics observed with native myosin IA. These results provide direct experimental evidence for the presence of two actin-binding sites on myosin IA, as was suggested by enzyme kinetic and filament cross-linking data, and also for the previously proposed mechanism by which monomeric myosins I could support contractile activities.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1986|
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