Attention is the mechanism with which we select specific aspects of our environment for processing. Psychological experiments have shown that attention can be directed to a spatial location or to a particular object. Electrophysiological studies in trained macaque monkeys have found that attention can strengthen the responses of neurons in cortical area V4. Some of these studies have attributed these effects to spatial attention, whereas others have suggested that feature-directed attention may modulate the neuronal response. Here we report that neuronal correlates for both spatial and feature-directed attention exist in individual neurons in area V4 of behaving rhesus monkeys.
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