Augmented ustekinumab dosing is needed to achieve clinical response in patients with anti-TNF refractory pediatric Crohn's disease: A retrospective chart review

Phinga Do, John Andersen, Ashish S Patel, Gaith Semrin, Luis Sifuentes-Dominguez, Phuong Luu, Bhaskar Gurram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Ustekinumab is a monoclonal antibody that inhibits interleukins 12 and 23. It is approved for treatment of Crohn's disease (CD) in adults; however, there is a paucity of data regarding its use in pediatric CD. We describe our experience using ustekinumab in anti-TNF refractory CD pediatric patients. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review on pediatric patients with CD who were started on ustekinumab from January 2016 to November 2018. We collected patient's clinical history, previous treatment history, surgeries related to CD, disease severity, as measured by abbrPCDAI, and endoscopic severity as recorded by SES-CD before and after ustekinumab. Results: We identified 10 patients with CD who were started on ustekinumab due to non-response to currently approved agents. Seven patients needed augmented maintenance dosing every 4-6 weeks to achieve clinical response or remission. Six of these seven patients had therapeutic drug monitoring during the course of treatment, with five patients showing subtherapeutic drug levels of <4.5 g/mL while on standard maintenance dosing every 8 weeks, and four patients showing therapeutic drug levels of >4.5 g/mL on augmented dosing interval. The remaining three patients were on standard maintenance dosing for the duration of treatment. Conclusion: In this retrospective chart review, 7 out of 10 patients with anti-TNF refractory pediatric-onset CD required augmented maintenance doses of ustekinumab to achieve clinical response or remission. A prospective study is needed to define appropriate ustekinumab dosing and interval in management of pediatric CD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number316
JournalF1000Research
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Anti-TNF-refractory Crohn's disease
  • Clinical response
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Pediatric Crohn's disease
  • Therapeutic drug monitoring
  • Ustekinumab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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