Autism Spectrum Disorder

Akanksha Saxena, Maria Chahrour

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), one of the most genetically heterogeneous neuropsychiatric disorders, exhibits rare de novo and inherited variants in over 700 genes. The societal burden of ASD is debilitating with profound economic liabilities exceeding those of cancer, stroke, and heart disease combined. This chapter provides an overview of ASD genetics and its complexity, an understanding which has been attained through advances in genomics and statistical genetics. We begin by discussing the contribution of chromosomal abnormalities and copy number variants to ASD and subsequently reviewing syndromic ASD genes. Following a discussion of nonsyndromic ASD, arising from de novo and inherited rare single nucleotide variants, we conclude with a discussion of current methods in molecular diagnosis and the promise of merging genomics, statistical genetics, and clinical informatics for designing individualized treatment in a disorder with a complex genetic architecture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGenomic and Precision Medicine
Subtitle of host publicationPrimary Care: Third Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages301-316
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780128006542
ISBN (Print)9780128006856
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 23 2017

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Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Genetic testing
  • Genetics
  • Genomics
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Saxena, A., & Chahrour, M. (2017). Autism Spectrum Disorder. In Genomic and Precision Medicine: Primary Care: Third Edition (pp. 301-316). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800685-6.00016-3