Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus orf69 encodes an RNA cap (nucleoside-2′-O)-methyltransferase

Xiaofeng Wu, Linda A. Guarino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The AcNPV orf69 gene encodes a protein that contains an S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet)-dependent methyltransferase signature motif. More significantly, ORF69 shows high conservation at residues diagnostic for (nucleoside 2′-O)-methyltransferase activity. To analyze the function of this protein, which was renamed MTase1, it was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Photo cross-linking experiments showed that MTase1 bound AdoMet, and functional assays demonstrated cap 0-dependent methyltransferase activity. In vivo expression assays in insect cells showed that MTase1 was synthesized during the late phase of infection and that its expression was dependent on viral DNA replication. Primer extension analysis identified a late promoter motif, ATAAG, at the transcription start site. A mutant virus was constructed by inserting the lacZ gene into the coding region of mtase1. Immunoblot analysis confirmed that MTase1 was not synthesized in these cells, and single-step growth curves revealed that the rate of virus replication in tissue culture was not affected by the absence of MTase1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3430-3440
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume77
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003

Fingerprint

RNA Caps
Autographa californica
Nucleopolyhedrovirus
nucleosides
Baculoviridae
methyltransferases
Methyltransferases
Nucleosides
RNA
S-Adenosylmethionine
Lac Operon
Transcription Initiation Site
Protein S
adenosylmethionine
Viral DNA
Virus Replication
DNA Replication
Insects
S-adenosylmethionine
assays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

Cite this

Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus orf69 encodes an RNA cap (nucleoside-2′-O)-methyltransferase. / Wu, Xiaofeng; Guarino, Linda A.

In: Journal of Virology, Vol. 77, No. 6, 01.03.2003, p. 3430-3440.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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