Over the last decade, there have been significant advances in the identification, characterization, and treatment of autoimmune neurologic disorders in children. Many of these diseases include a typical movement disorder that can be a powerful aid to diagnosis. Frequently, movement disorders in autoimmune conditions are the sole or among a few presenting symptoms, allowing for earlier diagnosis of an underlying malignancy or systemic autoimmune disease. Given that early detection and treatment with immunotherapy may confer improved outcomes, recognizing these patterns of abnormal movements is essential for child neurologists. The purpose of this review is to summarize the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of movement disorders that occur in pediatric autoimmune disorders.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology