Autoinhibition regulates cellular localization and actin assembly activity of the diaphanous-related formins FRLα and mDia1

Abhinav Seth, Chinatsu Otomo, Michael K. Rosen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diaphanous-related formins (DRFs) are key regulators of actin cytoskeletal dynamics whose in vitro actin assembly activities are thought to be regulated by autoinhibition. However, the in vivo consequences of autoinhibition and the involvement of DRFs in specific biological processes are not well understood. In this study, we show that in the DRFs FRLα (formin-related gene in leukocytes α) and mouse diaphanous 1, autoinhibition regulates a novel membrane localization activity in vivo as well as actin assembly activity in vitro. In FRLα, the Rho family guanosine triphosphatase Cdc42 relieves the autoinhibition of both membrane localization and biochemical actin assembly activities. FRLα is required for efficient Fc-γ receptor-mediated phagocytosis and is recruited to the phagocytic cup by Cdc42. These results suggest that mutual autoinhibition of biochemical activity and cellular localization may be a general regulatory principle for DRFs and demonstrate a novel role for formins in immune function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)701-713
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume174
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 28 2006

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Actins
Leukocytes
Genes
Biological Phenomena
Membranes
Fc Receptors
Guanosine
Phagocytosis
In Vitro Techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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Autoinhibition regulates cellular localization and actin assembly activity of the diaphanous-related formins FRLα and mDia1. / Seth, Abhinav; Otomo, Chinatsu; Rosen, Michael K.

In: Journal of Cell Biology, Vol. 174, No. 5, 28.08.2006, p. 701-713.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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