Autonomic Dysfunction and Syncope

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Summary: Syncope may be classified into three types based primarily on causative mechanisms: neurally mediated syncope, cardiac syncope, and situational syncope associated with orthostatic hypotension. The clinical features of syncopal events are classified as prodromal symptoms, event symptoms, and post-event symptoms. Making a diagnosis of epilepsy (two or more unprovoked seizures or one seizure and an underlying condition that may provoke seizures) leads to the initiation of anti-epileptic medications that may cause significant side effects. A careful and thorough history is without substitute in making the correct diagnosis in cases of transient loss of consciousness (TLOC). Peripheral nervous system involvement leading to autonomic dysfunction and syncope has been best studied in diabetes mellitus. Overt autonomic neuropathy is delayed for several years after diagnosis of diabetes, although there is evidence that subclinical autonomic dysfunction exists early in the clinical course of type II diabetes mellitus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeriatric Neurology
PublisherWiley Blackwell
Pages358-369
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781118730676
ISBN (Print)9781118730683
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 28 2014

Fingerprint

Syncope
Seizures
Prodromal Symptoms
Orthostatic Hypotension
Unconsciousness
Peripheral Nervous System
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Epilepsy
Diabetes Mellitus
History

Keywords

  • Autonomic dysfunction
  • Epilepsy
  • Seizures
  • Syncope
  • Transient loss of consciousness (TLOC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Das, R. R. (2014). Autonomic Dysfunction and Syncope. In Geriatric Neurology (pp. 358-369). Wiley Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118730676.ch14

Autonomic Dysfunction and Syncope. / Das, Rohit R.

Geriatric Neurology. Wiley Blackwell, 2014. p. 358-369.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Das, RR 2014, Autonomic Dysfunction and Syncope. in Geriatric Neurology. Wiley Blackwell, pp. 358-369. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118730676.ch14
Das RR. Autonomic Dysfunction and Syncope. In Geriatric Neurology. Wiley Blackwell. 2014. p. 358-369 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118730676.ch14
Das, Rohit R. / Autonomic Dysfunction and Syncope. Geriatric Neurology. Wiley Blackwell, 2014. pp. 358-369
@inbook{1737df8efa5f45cd9f0a1478b2f95587,
title = "Autonomic Dysfunction and Syncope",
abstract = "Summary: Syncope may be classified into three types based primarily on causative mechanisms: neurally mediated syncope, cardiac syncope, and situational syncope associated with orthostatic hypotension. The clinical features of syncopal events are classified as prodromal symptoms, event symptoms, and post-event symptoms. Making a diagnosis of epilepsy (two or more unprovoked seizures or one seizure and an underlying condition that may provoke seizures) leads to the initiation of anti-epileptic medications that may cause significant side effects. A careful and thorough history is without substitute in making the correct diagnosis in cases of transient loss of consciousness (TLOC). Peripheral nervous system involvement leading to autonomic dysfunction and syncope has been best studied in diabetes mellitus. Overt autonomic neuropathy is delayed for several years after diagnosis of diabetes, although there is evidence that subclinical autonomic dysfunction exists early in the clinical course of type II diabetes mellitus.",
keywords = "Autonomic dysfunction, Epilepsy, Seizures, Syncope, Transient loss of consciousness (TLOC)",
author = "Das, {Rohit R.}",
year = "2014",
month = "3",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1002/9781118730676.ch14",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781118730683",
pages = "358--369",
booktitle = "Geriatric Neurology",
publisher = "Wiley Blackwell",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Autonomic Dysfunction and Syncope

AU - Das, Rohit R.

PY - 2014/3/28

Y1 - 2014/3/28

N2 - Summary: Syncope may be classified into three types based primarily on causative mechanisms: neurally mediated syncope, cardiac syncope, and situational syncope associated with orthostatic hypotension. The clinical features of syncopal events are classified as prodromal symptoms, event symptoms, and post-event symptoms. Making a diagnosis of epilepsy (two or more unprovoked seizures or one seizure and an underlying condition that may provoke seizures) leads to the initiation of anti-epileptic medications that may cause significant side effects. A careful and thorough history is without substitute in making the correct diagnosis in cases of transient loss of consciousness (TLOC). Peripheral nervous system involvement leading to autonomic dysfunction and syncope has been best studied in diabetes mellitus. Overt autonomic neuropathy is delayed for several years after diagnosis of diabetes, although there is evidence that subclinical autonomic dysfunction exists early in the clinical course of type II diabetes mellitus.

AB - Summary: Syncope may be classified into three types based primarily on causative mechanisms: neurally mediated syncope, cardiac syncope, and situational syncope associated with orthostatic hypotension. The clinical features of syncopal events are classified as prodromal symptoms, event symptoms, and post-event symptoms. Making a diagnosis of epilepsy (two or more unprovoked seizures or one seizure and an underlying condition that may provoke seizures) leads to the initiation of anti-epileptic medications that may cause significant side effects. A careful and thorough history is without substitute in making the correct diagnosis in cases of transient loss of consciousness (TLOC). Peripheral nervous system involvement leading to autonomic dysfunction and syncope has been best studied in diabetes mellitus. Overt autonomic neuropathy is delayed for several years after diagnosis of diabetes, although there is evidence that subclinical autonomic dysfunction exists early in the clinical course of type II diabetes mellitus.

KW - Autonomic dysfunction

KW - Epilepsy

KW - Seizures

KW - Syncope

KW - Transient loss of consciousness (TLOC)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85015572879&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85015572879&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/9781118730676.ch14

DO - 10.1002/9781118730676.ch14

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:85015572879

SN - 9781118730683

SP - 358

EP - 369

BT - Geriatric Neurology

PB - Wiley Blackwell

ER -