Autoradiographic distribution in rat tissues of binding sites for endothelin

A neuropeptide?

C. Koseki, M. Imai, Y. Hirata, Masashi Yanagisawa, T. Masaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

360 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endothelin (ET) is a potent and long-acting vasoconstrictor peptide consisting of 21 amino acids and recently isolated from a medium of cultured porcine endothelial cells. To determine the possible sites of ET action, we have conducted autoradiography and receptor binding assays with 125I-labeled ET in rat tissues. The displaceable binding sites of the ligand were widely distributed, not only in the arteries and heart but also in various other organs, e.g., brain, kidney, lung, adrenal gland, and intestine. The systemically injected ET did not cross the blood-brain barrier, whereas the ligand, applied in vitro, was mainly located in the hypothalamic and thalamic areas, lateral ventricular region, subfornical organ, globus pallidus, and caudate putamen. Both membrane preparations from the brain stem including diencephalon and from the heart ventricle had similar, specific, and high-affinity binding sites for 125I-ET. We suggest that ET is involved in the regulation of a large variety of organ functions and may also act as a neuropeptide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume256
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1989

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Endothelins
Neuropeptides
Binding Sites
Subfornical Organ
Lateral Hypothalamic Area
Ligands
Diencephalon
Globus Pallidus
Putamen
Vasoconstrictor Agents
Adrenal Glands
Blood-Brain Barrier
Autoradiography
Brain Stem
Heart Ventricles
Intestines
Swine
Endothelial Cells
Arteries
Kidney

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Autoradiographic distribution in rat tissues of binding sites for endothelin: A neuropeptide?",
abstract = "Endothelin (ET) is a potent and long-acting vasoconstrictor peptide consisting of 21 amino acids and recently isolated from a medium of cultured porcine endothelial cells. To determine the possible sites of ET action, we have conducted autoradiography and receptor binding assays with 125I-labeled ET in rat tissues. The displaceable binding sites of the ligand were widely distributed, not only in the arteries and heart but also in various other organs, e.g., brain, kidney, lung, adrenal gland, and intestine. The systemically injected ET did not cross the blood-brain barrier, whereas the ligand, applied in vitro, was mainly located in the hypothalamic and thalamic areas, lateral ventricular region, subfornical organ, globus pallidus, and caudate putamen. Both membrane preparations from the brain stem including diencephalon and from the heart ventricle had similar, specific, and high-affinity binding sites for 125I-ET. We suggest that ET is involved in the regulation of a large variety of organ functions and may also act as a neuropeptide.",
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year = "1989",
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T1 - Autoradiographic distribution in rat tissues of binding sites for endothelin

T2 - A neuropeptide?

AU - Koseki, C.

AU - Imai, M.

AU - Hirata, Y.

AU - Yanagisawa, Masashi

AU - Masaki, T.

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - Endothelin (ET) is a potent and long-acting vasoconstrictor peptide consisting of 21 amino acids and recently isolated from a medium of cultured porcine endothelial cells. To determine the possible sites of ET action, we have conducted autoradiography and receptor binding assays with 125I-labeled ET in rat tissues. The displaceable binding sites of the ligand were widely distributed, not only in the arteries and heart but also in various other organs, e.g., brain, kidney, lung, adrenal gland, and intestine. The systemically injected ET did not cross the blood-brain barrier, whereas the ligand, applied in vitro, was mainly located in the hypothalamic and thalamic areas, lateral ventricular region, subfornical organ, globus pallidus, and caudate putamen. Both membrane preparations from the brain stem including diencephalon and from the heart ventricle had similar, specific, and high-affinity binding sites for 125I-ET. We suggest that ET is involved in the regulation of a large variety of organ functions and may also act as a neuropeptide.

AB - Endothelin (ET) is a potent and long-acting vasoconstrictor peptide consisting of 21 amino acids and recently isolated from a medium of cultured porcine endothelial cells. To determine the possible sites of ET action, we have conducted autoradiography and receptor binding assays with 125I-labeled ET in rat tissues. The displaceable binding sites of the ligand were widely distributed, not only in the arteries and heart but also in various other organs, e.g., brain, kidney, lung, adrenal gland, and intestine. The systemically injected ET did not cross the blood-brain barrier, whereas the ligand, applied in vitro, was mainly located in the hypothalamic and thalamic areas, lateral ventricular region, subfornical organ, globus pallidus, and caudate putamen. Both membrane preparations from the brain stem including diencephalon and from the heart ventricle had similar, specific, and high-affinity binding sites for 125I-ET. We suggest that ET is involved in the regulation of a large variety of organ functions and may also act as a neuropeptide.

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JO - American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology

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