B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) with t(14;19)(q32;p13.1), in which IGH and EPOR are juxtaposed, has been reported rarely. We describe the clinicopathological features of six patients, three men and three women, with a median age of 39 years. Initial and follow-up bone marrow samples were examined from each patient. The clinical, morphologic, and immunophenotypic results were compared with data obtained from conventional cytogenetic analysis and by using home-brew fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probes for IGH at 14q32 and EPOR at 19p13.1. The bone marrow specimens were hypercellular (median 90%; range 80-100%), with a median blast count of 90% (range 60-93%). Immunophenotypic analysis performed by flow cytometry demonstrated a stable, precursor B-cell immunophenotype. The t(14;19)(q32;p13.1) was present in all cases with morphologic evidence of disease. The translocation was stable and appeared morphologically subtle on conventional karyotypic analysis. Detection was facilitated using FISH, which confirmed IGH/EPOR rearrangement in all cases. All patients received aggressive multiagent chemotherapy as part of a variety of regimens. Four of six patients achieved an initial complete remission, but all relapsed. At last follow-up, five of six patients had died of disease (median survival, 12 months after diagnosis). We conclude that B-ALL associated with t(14;19)(q32;p13.1) is a distinctive form of disease that is associated with younger patient age and an aggressive clinical course.
- B lymphoblastic leukemia
- T(14 19)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine