Balance between MAT2A intron detention and splicing is determined cotranscriptionally

Kathryn E. Pendleton, Sung Kyun Park, Olga V. Hunter, Stefan M. Bresson, Nicholas K. Conrad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transcriptome analysis of human cells has revealed that intron retention controls the expression of a large number of genes with diverse cellular functions. Detained introns (DI) constitute a subgroup of transcripts with retained introns that are not exported to the cytoplasm but instead remain in the nucleus. Previous studies reported that the splicing of DIs in the CLK1 transcript is post-transcriptionally induced to produce mature mRNA in the absence of new transcription. Thus, CLK1-DI serves as a precursor or “reservoir” for the CLK1 mRNA. However, whether this is a universal mechanism for gene regulation by intron detention remains unknown. The MAT2A gene encodes S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) synthetase and it contains a DI that is regulated in response to intracellular SAM levels. We used three independent assays to assess the precursor–product relationship between MAT2A-DI and MAT2A mRNA. In contrast to CLK1-DI, these data support a model in which the MAT2A-DI transcript is not a precursor to mRNA but is instead a “dead-end” RNA fated for nuclear decay. Additionally, we show that in SAM-deprived conditions the cotranscriptional splicing of MAT2A detained introns increases. We conclude that polyadenylated RNAs with DIs can have at least two distinct fates. They can serve as nuclear reservoirs of pre-mRNAs available for rapid induction by the cell, or they constitute dead-end RNAs that are degraded in the nucleus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)778-786
Number of pages9
JournalRNA
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Intron detention
  • Intron retention
  • MAT2A
  • S-adenosylmethionine
  • Splicing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology

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