Basis for Immunotherapy for Treatment of Meningiomas

Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Destiny D. Bailey, Mark N. Pernik, Edward Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Meningiomas are common tumors that account for approximately one third of CNS tumors diagnosed every year. They are classified by the World Health Organization in grades I-III. Higher grades have an increased rate of growth, invasiveness, rate of recurrence, and worse outcomes than lower grades. Most meningiomas are grade I, while ~18% of meningiomas are grade II and III in hospital-based series. Meningiomas are typically “benign” tumors that are treated with surgery and radiation. However, when they recur or are unresectable, treatment options are very limited, especially since they are chemotherapy-resistant. Recent advances in the treatment of cancers with immunotherapy have focused on checkpoint blockade as well as other types of immunotherapy. There is emerging evidence supporting the use of immunotherapy as a potentially effective treatment strategy for meningioma patients. The immune microenvironment of meningiomas is a complex interplay of genetic alterations, immunomodulatory protein expression, and tumor-immune cell interactions. Meningiomas are known to be infiltrated by immune cells including microglia, macrophages, B-cells, and T-cells. Several mechanisms contribute to decreased an ti-tumor immune response, allowing tumor growth and evasion of the immune system. We discuss the most current knowledge on the immune micro-environment of meningiomas, preclinical findings of immunotherapy in meningiomas, meningioma immunotherapy clinical trials, and also offer insight into future prospects for immunotherapies in meningiomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number945
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 28 2020

Keywords

  • PD-1
  • checkpoint blockade
  • high grade meningioma
  • immunotherapy
  • meningioma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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