Beta-amyloid precursor protein staining in nonhomicidal pediatric medicolegal autopsies

R. Ross Reichard, Charles L. White, Christa L. Hladik, David Dolinak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Immunohistochemical staining for beta-amyloid precursor protein (βAPP) has been validated as a marker for axonal injury in adults surviving ≥2 hours after white matter damage. The significance of βAPP staining in pediatric brains and spinal cords is not as well established. We evaluated the white matter immunoreactivity for βAPP from a variety of pediatric medicolegal autopsies: natural disease (non-Sudden Infant Death Syndrome [SIDS]), SIDS, motor vehicle accidents, drowning, near-drowning, overlay, carbon monoxide toxicity, miscellaneous trauma, and mechanical asphyxia. The cases of carbon monoxide toxicity, motor vehicle accidents (death at scene), drowning (with resuscitation), and a natural (non-SIDS) death had no significant white matter staining. The traumatic deaths with a significant survival interval, a variety of natural deaths, the near-drowning case. and surprisingly, all SIDS had detectable βAPP white matter immunostaining. These results demonstrate that features other than traumatic axonal injury, such as metabolic insults and hypoxic-ischemic injury secondary to vascular compromise, must contribute to βAPP immunostaining. In addition, we describe a variety of βAPP-immunoreactive structures not previously reported in the pediatric population. This study illustrates that βAPP immunostaining enhances detection of a variety of white matter changes, and provides a basis for interpretation of these results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-247
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of neuropathology and experimental neurology
Volume62
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003

Keywords

  • Autopsy
  • Beta amyloid precursor protein
  • Brain
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Pediatric
  • Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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