Beyond personal protective equipment: adjunctive methods for control of healthcare-associated respiratory viral infections

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Prevention of nosocomial transmission of respiratory viruses is a priority in all healthcare settings and often achieved with the use of personal protective equipment. Several adjunctive infection prevention methods are in common use but their effectiveness in reducing healthcare-associated respiratory viral infections is unclear. In this review, recent advances regarding the effectiveness of several adjunctive infection prevention methods to reduce healthcare-associated respiratory viral infections are discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Training and education on hand hygiene guidelines, mandatory influenza vaccination for healthcare personnel, access to paid sick leave to reduce ill presenteeism, cohorting of patients with the same infection or clinical syndrome, neuraminidase inhibitor chemoprophylaxis during influenza outbreaks, and enhanced visitor restrictions in pediatric hospitals all have shown some degree of effectiveness in observational or quasi-experimental studies. SUMMARY: Most of the studies evaluating the effect of adjunctive infection prevention methods on healthcare-associated respiratory viral infections are observational or quasi-experimental and are often combined with other interventions. Therefore, it is difficult to determine the precise effectiveness or efficacy of these interventions and more controlled trials are needed. Multimodal infection prevention policies are likely to be most effective in reducing healthcare-associated respiratory viral infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-318
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Infectious Diseases
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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