Bicarbonate-sensitive calcification and lifespan of klotho-deficient mice

Christina B. Leibrock, Jakob Voelkl, Ursula Kohlhofer, Leticia Quintanilla-Martinez, Makoto Kuro-o, Florian Lang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Klotho, a protein counteracting aging, is a powerful inhibitor of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] formation and regulator of mineral metabolism. In klotho hypomorphic (kl/kl) mice, excessive 1,25(OH)2D3 formation leads to hypercalcemia, hyperphosphatemia and vascular calcification, severe growth deficits, accelerated aging and early death. Kl/kl mice further suffer from extracellular volume depletion and hypotension, leading to the stimulation of antidiuretic hormone and aldosterone release. A vitamin D-deficient diet, restriction of dietary phosphate, inhibition of mineralocorticoid receptors with spironolactone, and dietary NaCl all extend the lifespan of kl/kl mice. Kl/kl mice suffer from acidosis. The present study explored whether replacement of tap drinking water by 150 mM NaHCO3 affects the growth, tissue calcification, and lifespan of kl/kl mice. As a result, NaHCO3 administration to kl/kl mice did not reverse the growth deficit but substantially decreased tissue calcification and significantly increased the average lifespan from 78 to 127 days. NaHCO3 did not significantly affect plasma concentrations of 1,25(OH)2D3 and Ca2+ but significantly decreased plasma phosphate concentration and plasma aldosterone concentration. The present study reveals a novel effect of bicarbonate, i.e., a favorable influence on vascular calcification and early death of klotho-deficient mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F102-F108
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume310
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Bicarbonates
Vascular Calcification
Aldosterone
Growth
Phosphates
Hyperphosphatemia
Mineralocorticoid Receptors
Spironolactone
Calcitriol
Hypercalcemia
Acidosis
Vasopressins
Vitamin D
Drinking Water
Hypotension
Minerals
Diet

Keywords

  • 1,25(OH)D
  • Aldosterone
  • Alkalosis
  • Antidiuretic hormone
  • Calcium
  • Phosphate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology

Cite this

Leibrock, C. B., Voelkl, J., Kohlhofer, U., Quintanilla-Martinez, L., Kuro-o, M., & Lang, F. (2015). Bicarbonate-sensitive calcification and lifespan of klotho-deficient mice. American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, 310(1), F102-F108. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00037.2015

Bicarbonate-sensitive calcification and lifespan of klotho-deficient mice. / Leibrock, Christina B.; Voelkl, Jakob; Kohlhofer, Ursula; Quintanilla-Martinez, Leticia; Kuro-o, Makoto; Lang, Florian.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, Vol. 310, No. 1, 2015, p. F102-F108.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Leibrock, CB, Voelkl, J, Kohlhofer, U, Quintanilla-Martinez, L, Kuro-o, M & Lang, F 2015, 'Bicarbonate-sensitive calcification and lifespan of klotho-deficient mice', American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, vol. 310, no. 1, pp. F102-F108. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00037.2015
Leibrock, Christina B. ; Voelkl, Jakob ; Kohlhofer, Ursula ; Quintanilla-Martinez, Leticia ; Kuro-o, Makoto ; Lang, Florian. / Bicarbonate-sensitive calcification and lifespan of klotho-deficient mice. In: American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology. 2015 ; Vol. 310, No. 1. pp. F102-F108.
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