Bilateral memory dysfunction in epilepsy surgery candidates detected by the intracarotid amobarbital procedure (Wada memory test)

Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Alan B. Frol, Maria C. Garcia, Mark A. Agostini, David P. Chason, Laura H. Lacritz, C. Munro Cullum, Paul C. Van Ness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The intracarotid amobarbital procedure (IAP) is widely used in the evaluation of candidates for resective epilepsy surgery, in part to identify patients at risk for postoperative amnesia. Yet there is no widely accepted standardized protocol, and there is a paucity of quantitative data to assess the factors associated with poor IAP performance. This report summarizes our findings on 110 patients with intractable focal epilepsy who underwent IAP testing at our center. Ipsilateral IAP scores for patients with left-sided seizure foci were significantly lower than those for patients with right-sided seizure foci. Falsely and poorly lateralizing scores were also significantly more common in subjects with left-sided seizure onsets. Twenty-four percent of subjects failed the IAP bilaterally, and patients who failed the IAP bilaterally had significantly lower scores on neuropsychologic measures. There was no difference between patients who passed and failed in the location, etiology, duration, or age of onset of epilepsy. We conclude that bilateral memory dysfunction is common in patients with intractable partial epilepsy. Whether memory dysfunction detected by IAP testing as performed at our center is predictive of functionally limiting postoperative amnesia remains to be determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-91
Number of pages10
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2002

Keywords

  • Epilepsy surgery
  • Hippocampal sclerosis
  • Intracarotid amobarbital procedure
  • Neuropsychologic testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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