Realistic laparoscopic surgical simulators will require real-time graphic imaging and tactile feedback. Our research objective is to develop a cost-effective haptic workstation for the simulation of laparoscopic procedures for training and treatment planning. The physical station consists of a custom-built frame into which laparoscopic trocars and surgical tools may be attached/inserted and which are continuously adjustable to various positions and orientations to simulate multiple laparoscopic surgical approaches. Instruments inserted through the trocars are attached to end effectors of two haptic devices and interfaced to a high speed PC with fast graphics capability. The haptic device transduces 3D motion of the two manually operated surgical instruments into slave maneuvers in virtual space. The slave instrument tips probe the simulated organ. Simulations currently in progress include: 1) Surface-only renderings, deformation, and haptic interactions with elements in the gall gladder surgical field; 2) Voxel- based simulations of the bulk manipulation of tissue; 3) laparoscopic herniorrhaphy. This system provides force feed-forward from the grasped tools to the contact tissue in virtual space, with deformation of the tissue by the virtual probe, and force feedback from the deformed tissue to the operator's hands.