Biochemical and physicochemical presentations of patients with brushite stones

Charles Y C Pak, John R. Poindexter, Roy D. Peterson, Howard J. Heller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We determined whether the biochemical and physicochemical backgrounds of patients with brushite stones differ from those with hydroxyapatite and calcium oxalate stones. Materials and Methods: From a computer data base of patients completing ambulatory evaluation 19 with brushite stones, 24 with hydroxyapatite stones and 762 with calcium oxalate stones were identified with the specified composition in greater than 70% of stones. Results: Absorptive hypercalciuria type I was present in 63% of patients with brushite, 17% with hydroxyapatite and 30% with calcium oxalate stones. Distal renal tubular acidosis was noted in 32% of patients with brushite, 42% with hydroxyapatite and 3% with calcium oxalate stones. Mean urinary calcium in the brushite group was significantly higher than in the hydroxyapatite and calcium oxalate groups (265 ± 125 vs 186 ± 103 and 187 ± 95 mg daily, respectively). Urinary pH in the brushite group was slightly but significantly higher than in the calcium oxalate group (6.15 ± 0.30 vs 5.91 ± 0.42). The brushite relative saturation ratio in the brushite group was marginally higher than in the hydroxyapatite group and significantly higher than in the calcium oxalate group (3.25 ± 2.03 vs 2.34 ± 1.51 and 1.83 ± 1.66, respectively). Conclusion: Patients with predominantly brushite stones could be distinguished from those with predominantly hydroxyapatite and calcium oxalate stones by higher urinary saturation with respect to brushite due mainly to hypercalciuria from absorptive hypercalciuria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1046-1049
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume171
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2004

Keywords

  • Brushite
  • Calcium oxalate
  • Hydroxypatite
  • Kidney
  • Kidney calculi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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