Biochemical consequences of the NOS3 Glu298Asp variation in human endothelium: Altered caveolar localization and impaired response to shear

Mandar S. Joshi, Chieko Mineo, Philip W. Shaul, John Anthony Bauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Scopus citations


Human endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) gene polymorphism at Exon 7 (Glu298Asp) has been linked to vascular endothelial dysfunction, but the mechanisms are not defined. Shear is a key modulator of NOS3 function in vivo and association with caveolae is important for the control of NOS3 protein activity. Here we tested the hypothesis that altered enrichment of NOS3 in the caveolar membrane defines Glu298Asp genotype-specific responses and NOS3 activity. Basal caveolar membrane enrichment was carried out to quantitate the NOS3 enrichment in caveolae. Cells were subjected to shear and NOS3 protein levels, phosphorylation, enzyme function were investigated. Variant genotypes had lower NOx production pre- and post-shear, but no genotype-dependent alterations in pNOS3 were observed. Asp variants had significantly lower NOS3 enrichment in the caveolar membrane fraction. Further, immunoprecipitation studies demonstrated that Asp variants had substantially less NOS3/Cav-1 association (∼40%) during static conditions. Furthermore, acute shear causes impaired NOS3/Cav-1 dissociation in Asp variants. The results from immunoprecipitation studies were in complete agreement with caveolar membrane preparation findings. Collectively, these data demonstrate functional consequences of the Glu298Asp NOS3 variation and further define disruption of NOS3 caveolar localization and shear-induced mobilization as the primary mechanism responsible for these differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2655-2663
Number of pages9
JournalFASEB Journal
Issue number11
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007



  • Caveolin-1
  • Endothelial nitric oxide synthase
  • Functional genomics
  • Gene polymorphism
  • Protein-protein interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Cite this