Breast ultrasound (US) is an effective imaging modality for breast cancer detection and diagnosis. US computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems have been developed for decades and have employed either conventional hand-crafted features or modern automatic deep-learned features, the former relying on clinical experience and the latter demanding large datasets. In this paper, we have developed a novel BIRADS-SDL network that integrates clinically-approved breast lesion characteristics (BIRADS features) into semi-supervised deep learning (SDL) to achieve accurate diagnoses with a small training dataset. Breast US images are converted to BIRADS-oriented feature maps (BFMs) using a distance-transformation coupled with a Gaussian filter. Then, the converted BFMs are used as the input of an SDL network, which performs unsupervised stacked convolutional auto-encoder (SCAE) image reconstruction guided by lesion classification. We trained the BIRADS-SDL network with an alternative learning strategy by balancing reconstruction error and classification label prediction error. We compared the performance of the BIRADS-SDL network with conventional SCAE and SDL methods that use the original images as inputs, as well as with an SCAE that use BFMs as inputs. Experimental results on two breast US datasets show that BIRADS-SDL ranked the best among the four networks, with classification accuracy around 92.00±2.38% and 83.90±3.81% on two datasets. These findings indicate that BIRADS-SDL could be promising for effective breast US lesion CAD using small datasets.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2019|
- BIRADS features
- Breast cancer
- Computer-aided diagnosis
- Semi-supervised deep learning
ASJC Scopus subject areas