Amino acid substitutions in the cleavage site of the E. coli alkaline phosphatase signal peptide Val for Ala(-1) or Pro for Arg(+1) result in the block of the enzyme processing. In cells secreting such mutant proteins the relative content and rate of turnover of anionic phospholipids (phosphatidylglycerol and cardiolipin) are increased. The rise of the transfer of the phosphoglycerol residue from phosphatidylglycerol to periplasmic membrane derived oligosaccharides or to the model substrate, arbutin performed by the activity of phosphoglycerol transferase I testifies to phosphatidylglycerol accumulation of the outer surface of the cytoplasmic membrane. The results suggest of phosphatidylglycerol interaction with the alkaline phosphatase precursor and their subsequent joint translocation through the cytoplasmic membrane of E. coli.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1996|
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