Blood pressure control in a hypertension telemedicine intervention: Does distance to primary care matter?

Michael E. Bowen, Hayden B. Bosworth, Christianne L. Roumie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although telemedicine may help overcome geographic access barriers, it is unknown whether rural patients receive greater benefits. In a secondary analysis of 503 veterans participating in a hypertension telemedicine study, the authors hypothesized that patients with greater travel distances would have greater improvements in 18-month systolic blood pressure (SBP). Patients were categorized by telemedicine exposure and travel distance to primary care, derived from zip codes. Comparisons were (1) usual care (UC), distance <30 miles (reference); (2) UC, distance ≥30 miles; (3) telemedicine, distance <30 miles; (4) telemedicine, distance ≥30 miles. Compared with patients receiving UC, distance <30 miles (intercept=127.7), no difference in 18-month SBP was observed in patients receiving UC, distance ≥30 miles (0.13 mm Hg, 95% confidence interval [-6.6 to 6.8]); telemedicine, distance <30 miles (-1.1 mm Hg [-7.3 to 5.2]); telemedicine, distance ≥30 miles (-0.80 mm Hg [-6.6 to 5.1]). Although telemedicine may help overcome geographic access barriers, additional studies are needed to identify patients most likely to benefit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)723-730
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Hypertension
Volume15
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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