BP and renal outcomes in diabetic kidney disease: The veterans affairs nephropathy in diabetes trial

VA NEPHRON-D Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objectives Proteinuric diabetic kidney disease frequently progresses to ESRD. Control of BP delays progression, but the optimal BP to improve outcomes remains unclear. The objective of this analysiswas to evaluate the relationship between BP and renal outcomes in proteinuric diabetic kidney disease. Design, setting, participants, & measurements BP data from all 1448 randomized participants in the Veterans AffairsNephropathy inDiabetes Trialwere included in a post hoc analysis. The associations of mean on–treatment BPwith the primary end point (decline in eGFR, ESRD, or death), renal end point (decline in eGFR or ESRD), rate of eGFR decline, and mortality were measured. Results The median (25th, 75th percentile) follow-up time was 2.2 (1.2, 3.0) years. There were 284 primary end points. In univariate analyses, both mean systolic and mean diastolic BPs were strongly associated (P<0.001) with the primary end point. After multivariate adjustment, the hazard of developing the primary end point became progressively higher as mean systolic BP rose from, <120 to ≥150 mmHg (P=0.02), with a significantly higher hazard ratio for 140–149 versus 120–129 mmHg (1.51 [1.06, 2.15]; P=0.02). There was also a significant association of mean diastolic BP with the hazard of developing the primary end point (P<0.01), with a significantly higher hazard ratio when mean diastolic BP was 80–89 versus 70–79 mmHg (1.54 [1.05, 2.25]; P=0.03); there was also a strong trend when mean diastolic BP was, <60 mmHg. Associations between BP and both renal end point and rate of eGFR decline were similar to those with the primary end point. No association of BP with mortality was observed, possibly because of the limited number of mortality events. Conclusions In patients with proteinuric diabetic kidney disease, mean systolic BP ≥140 mmHg and mean diastolic BP ≥80 mmHg were associated with worse renal outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2159-2169
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 7 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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