Brain Synthesis and Cerebrovascular Action of Epoxygenase Metabolites of Arachidonic Acid

Shivachar C. Amruthesh, J R Falck, Earl F. Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine if whole brain makes epoxygenase metabolites of arachidonic acid and, if so, whether they are vasoactive on the cerebral microcirculation. Blood‐free mouse brain slices were incubated with exogenous radiolabeled arachidonic acid, and the extracted metabolites were resolved by HPLC. Metabolite structures were confirmed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. In addition to prostaglandins, leukotriene B4, and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids, mouse brain metabolized arachidonic acid into several other compounds. Among them, we identified 5,6‐ and 14,15‐epoxyeicosatrienoic acid. Next, we tested the effect of topical application of brain‐synthesized 5,6‐epoxyeicosatrienoic acid and synthetic epoxyeicosatrienoic acids on in vivo rabbit cerebral arteriolar diameter using the cranial window technique and in vivo microscopy. Brain‐synthesized 5,6‐epoxyeicosatrienoic acid caused a transient 28% arteriolar dilation, similar to that produced by 5 μg/ml of synthetic 5,6‐epoxyeicosatrienoic acid. A concentration of synthetic 14,15‐ and 11,12‐epoxyeicosatrienoic acid of 5 μg/ml CSF had little or no effect on diameter, whereas 8,9‐epoxyeicosatrienoic acid caused a maximum dilation of 8%. These studies suggest that brain‐synthesized 5,6‐epoxyeicosatrienoic acid may play a role in the normal or pathophysiological regulation of the cerebral microcirculation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)503-510
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume58
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1992

Keywords

  • Arachidonic acid
  • Brain tissue
  • Cerebral microcirculation
  • Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids
  • Epoxygenase pathway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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