Brief report: Depression and history of suicide attempts in adults with new-onset Type 2 Diabetes

Alyson K. Myers, Bruce D. Grannemann, Ildiko Lingvay, Madhukar H. Trivedi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To assess past suicide attempts in a cohort of adults with Type 2 Diabetes diagnosed within the prior 24 months. Methods: Outpatients were recruited from diabetes education classes or diabetes shared medical appointment. Participants aged 18 or over with a self-reported diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM) in the prior 24 months completed questionnaires about medical (including diabetes), psychiatric, and social history. Participants also completed two screening questionnaires for depression: Patient Health Questionnaire 9 and the Questionnaire Inventory for Depressive Symptoms-Self Report. Those who screened positive for depression had confirmatory testing with a clinician administered Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) checklist. Results: In this convenience sample of 145 patients with Type 2 Diabetes, 9.7% of patients had history of a suicide attempt and 38.2% met diagnosis for major depressive disorder (MDD). Patients with MDD were more likely to have a history of suicide attempts than those without MDD (p= 0.0002). Of the patients with prior suicide attempts, 50% screened positive for MDD at the time of the survey. Conclusion: In patients with newly-diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes the rate of past suicide attempts was nearly 10%, which is twice the rate seen in the general population. The rate of past suicide attempts in currently depressed patients with diabetes is 21.8%. These findings suggest the need for monitoring patients with diabetes and depression for future suicide risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2810-2814
Number of pages5
JournalPsychoneuroendocrinology
Volume38
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

Fingerprint

Suicide
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Depression
Major Depressive Disorder
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Physiologic Monitoring
Checklist
Self Report
Psychiatry
Appointments and Schedules
Outpatients
History
Surveys and Questionnaires
Education
Equipment and Supplies
Health
Population

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Suicide attempts
  • Type 2 Diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

Cite this

Brief report : Depression and history of suicide attempts in adults with new-onset Type 2 Diabetes. / Myers, Alyson K.; Grannemann, Bruce D.; Lingvay, Ildiko; Trivedi, Madhukar H.

In: Psychoneuroendocrinology, Vol. 38, No. 11, 11.2013, p. 2810-2814.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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