Brief Report: Hospitalization Rates Among Persons With HIV Who Gained Medicaid or Private Insurance After the Affordable Care Act in 2014

Jeremy Y. Chow, Ank E. Nijhawan, W. Christopher Mathews, Julia Raifman, Julia Fleming, Kelly A. Gebo, Richard D. Moore, Stephen A. Berry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether gaining inpatient health care coverage had an effect on hospitalization rates among persons with HIV (PWH) after implementation of the Affordable Care Act in 2014. METHODS: Hospitalization data from 2015 were obtained for 1634 adults receiving longitudinal HIV care at 3 US HIV clinics within the HIV Research Network. All patients were engaged in care and previously uninsured and supported by the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program in 2013. We evaluated whether PWH who transitioned to either Medicaid or private insurance in 2014 tended to have a change in hospitalization rate compared with PWH who remained uncovered and Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program supported. Analyses were performed by negative binomial regression with robust standard errors, adjusting for gender, race/ethnicity, age, HIV risk factor, CD4 count, viral load, clinic site, and 2013 hospitalization rate. RESULTS: Among PWH without inpatient health care coverage in 2013, transitioning to Medicaid [adjusted incidence rate ratio 1.26, (0.71, 2.23)] or to private insurance [0.48 (0.18, 1.28)] in 2014 was not associated with 2015 hospitalization rates, after accounting for demographics, HIV characteristics, and prior hospitalization rates. The factors significantly associated with higher hospitalization rates include age 55-64, CD4 <200 cells/µL, viral load >400 copies/mL, and 2013 hospitalization rate. CONCLUSIONS: Acquiring inpatient coverage was not associated with a change in hospitalization rates. These results provide some evidence to allay the concern that acquiring inpatient coverage would lead to increased inpatient utilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)776-780
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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