Bruton's tyrosine kinase is a substrate of calpain in human platelets

Saikat Mukhopadhyay, Amanchy S S Ramars, Hans D. Ochs, Debabrata Dash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Platelet-associated Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) was completely cleaved if treated with calcium ionophore A23187 with appearance of a proteolytic product of 27 kDa size. Aggregation with thrombin also induced about 10% degradation of Btk after 30 min. Calpain inhibitors prevented Btk degradation in both. The proteolytic products of the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP), a calpain and Btk substrate, and the 27 kDa degradation product of Btk did not redistribute to the Triton-insoluble cytoskeleton in thrombin-aggregated platelets, in contrast to the uncleaved proteins. The degradation of Btk and WASP was independent of their tyrosine phosphorylation status. These results indicate that Btk is an endogenous substrate for calpain, the cleavage of which may have functional consequences in long-term post-aggregation events in platelets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-41
Number of pages5
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume505
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 7 2001

Keywords

  • Bruton's tyrosine kinase
  • Calcium ionophore
  • Calpain
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Platelet aggregation
  • Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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