C1 lateral mass screws for posterior segmental stabilization of the upper cervical spine and a new method of three-point rigid fixation of the C1-C2 complex

Marcelo Duarte Vilela, Charles Jermani, Bruno P. Braga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


Objective: To describe our experience with C1 lateral mass screws as part of a construct for C1-2 stabilization and report an alternate method of C1-C2 complex three-point fixation. Method: All patients that had at least one screw placed in the lateral mass of C1 as part of a construct for stabilization of the C1-C2 complex entered this study. In selected patients who had a higher chance of nonunion an alternate construct was used: transarticular C1-C2 screws combined with C1 lateral mass screws. Results: Twenty-one C1 lateral mass screws were placed in 11 patients. In three patients the alternate construct was used. All patients had a demonstrable solid and stable fusion on follow-up. Conclusion: C1 lateral mass screws are safe and provide immediate stability. The use of C1-C2 transarticular screws combined with C1 lateral mass screws is a feasible and also an excellent alternative for a three-point fixation of the C1-C2 complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)762-767
Number of pages6
JournalArquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Issue number3 B
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2006



  • Atlantoaxial stabilization
  • C1 lateral mass
  • C1 lateral mass screws
  • C1-C2 instability
  • C1-C2 transarticular screws
  • Cervical spine instrumentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuroscience(all)

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