Calorie restriction decreases proinflammatory cytokines and polymeric Ig receptor expression in the submandibular glands of autoimmune prone (NZB x NZW)F1 mice

A. R. Muthukumar, C. A. Jolly, K. Zaman, G. Fernandes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Calorie restriction or fish oil (enriched in n-3 fatty acids) supplementation ameliorates glomerulonephritis and Sjogren's syndrome lesions in (NZB x NZW)F1(B/W) mice. Enhanced proinflammatory cytokine expression and deposition of immune complexes are the important pathological events in the development of Sjogren's syndrome. In the present study, we have examined the effect of calorie restriction and fish oil supplementation on the expression of key inflammatory cytokines [gamma interferon (INF-γ), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and IL-12] and polymeric immunoglobulin (Ig) receptor (pIgR) (receptor for IgA and IgM) and the secretion of Ig in the submandibular glands (SMG) of B/W mice. Weanling B/W mice were fed either ad libitum (AL) or calorie restricted (CR) (40% less calories than AL) diet supplemented with 5% corn oil (CO) or 5% fish oil (FO) until 4 or 9 months of age. The SMGs were removed and a portion of the tissue used for semiquantitive determinations of IFN-γ, IL-10, IL-12 (p40), and pIgR mRNA. The remaining SMG tissue was fragmented and cultured for 7 days and the culture supernatants assayed for IgA, IgM, and IgG2a levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results revealed a significant increase in the expression of IFN-γ, IL-10, and IL-12 mRNA with age in AL fed mice, whereas CR fed mice maintained their levels to near those seen in young animals regardless of the dietary fat. PIgR mRNA expression also remained unaltered in CR animals irrespective of age and dietary fat, while it was found significantly increased in AL fed mice. CR significantly inhibited the elevated levels of IgA and IgG2a seen in aged mice. Interestingly, CR also influenced the Ig level in young animals. In summary, these results indicate that amelioration of autoimmune disease by CR in B/W mice is possibly mediated by the lowered mRNA expression of IFN-γ, IL-10, IL-12, and pIgR and the reduced Ig secretion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)354-361
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Immunology
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Keywords

  • Calorie restriction
  • Cytokines
  • Fish oil
  • Lupus-prone mice
  • PIgR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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