Demographic and diagnostic intake data on about 10,000 patients at a public psychiatric facility were used to assess whether information recorded on various DSM-III axes could predict the frequency of patients' psychiatric hospitalizations over a follow-up period. Compared with patients who had been hospitalized only once or not at all, patients with three or more hospitalizations during the study period were more likely to be single and black and to come from lower social classes. They were more likely to have an axis I diagnosis of an alcohol-related disorder, a substance use disorder, or a psychotic disorder. When samples from the patient groups were matched on key demographic variables and primary axis I diagnosis, the multiaxial resources of DSM-III were not helpful in predicting future use of hospitalization. The results reinforce the importance of axis I diagnosis and demographic characteristics in assessing course and prognosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health